Городская память как метафора и как область исследований
The concept of “les lieux de mémoire” (Memory Sites) was originally based on the disciplinary conventions of historical studies and then it was appropriated by a number of discourses: cultural studies, urban studies, social anthropology, and contemporary arts. Due to the metaphorical potential of this concept adepts of the “memorial turn” speaking about the past in academic manner actualize more direct and vital experience, taking distance from traditional historians dealing with texts and archeology. In the process of academic discussions the connotations of “lieux de mémoire” were deeply transformed. Urban memory studies as field of research was constituted through these discussions in the humanities, social sciences and arts. Its coherency based on metaphorical using of certain number of crucial dichotomies and combined urban phenomena which are associated usually with different disciplines.