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Article

К классификации иллокутивных типов предложений русского языка

The paper discusses various classifications of Russian illocutionary sentence types in a cross-linguistic perspective. The common practice is to distinguish among three basic Russian sentence types: assertives, interrogatives, and imperatives. On this view, exclamatives and optatives belong to assertives. However, some classifications suggest to single out either exclamatives or optatives from the three basic types. Cross-linguistically, the three types are also wide-spread and frequent. They are characterized with a number of grammatical and intonational features. However, minor sentence types (e.g., exclamatives, optatives, imprecatives, non-finite structures) can also be differentiated on the basis of their special formal properties. Looking at Russian in a cross-linguistic perspective, the paper argues for that both exclamatives and optatives are formally distinct from the three basic types and, therefore, constitute two separate minor sentence types.