«Униженность и оскорбленность» как черта личности: феноменологический анализ позиции жертвы
The aim of our study was to explore phenomenology and identify correlates of justice sensitivity from a victim's perspective (JSvictim) among young men and women. The hypothesis was that the victim position as a personality trait is accompanied by adverse emotional states and certain worldviews which make the subject less resilient. The findings of our study show that the victim position as a personality trait becomes a risk factor for resilience, especially in women.
This book consists of selected papers presented in the framework of the 17th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research (BIR 2019), held in Katowice, Poland, September 23–25, 2019. The BIR conference series was established 17 years ago as the initiative of some German and Swedish universities with the aim of supporting the global forum for researchers in business informatics for their collaboration and exchange of results.
This book consists of selected papers presented in the framework of the 16th International Conference on Perspectives in Business Informatics Research (BIR 2018), held in Stockholm, Sweden, September 24-26, 2018. The BIR conference series was established 16 years ago as the initiative of some German and Swedish universities with the aim of supporting the global forum for researchers in business informatics for their collaboration and exchange of results.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.