Sergei Eisenstein's biography falls comfortably into the pattern of a conventional Bildungsroman. A bourgeois family, the tyranny of the father, the neurotic love affairs of the mother, a predetermination of life for the only son, then Revolution as a wheel of fortune and a chance of freedom that turned the formerly suppressed young man to the Avant-Garde artist, International successor and stepson of his terroroizing and terrorized motherland. This biography came into being after extensive research in Moscow, Berlin, Paris, New York and Los Angeles, and the author is the first to analyze Eisenstein's diaries - materials that were partly inaccessible in the past. The book is addressed to wide audience but could be useful for a specialist becaise of changing research optics and fighting the stereotypes. The book contains 96 illustrations: photos, portraits, caricatures, book covers and 30 rare movie posters.
Psychoanalytic tradition of study of food as a primary form of communication of a person and the world is represented in the researches of M. Klein, D. Frankl, F. Perls - in their works we can see evolution of the psychoanalytic tradition of study of food experience of a person - from the analysis of the primary food experience in the relationship mother-baby to the idea of mental metabolism, which has structural similarity with food metabolism. F. Perls and D. Frankl articulated the communicative concept of food experience, according to which the identity of a person is formed and his/her existential choice is constructed, too. The main psychoanalytic idea is that food experience is passed through the human positive / negative energy of libido - that is encounter with the world as Others in the primary act of food awakens ones own libidinal energy of an individual and serves as a stimulus to personal development. Psychoanalysis insists that the underlying constructs of interaction with the world are formed in early childhood, are based on the primary food reactions, and are projected to all other forms of its communications. The theory of assimilation and introjection of the authority is the most important discovery of F. Perls. Standards to ensure the quality of physical and mental metabolism are assimilation. At the level of introjection an embedded object maintains without any processing. Normal personal growth always implies a critical attitude toward any objects from the surrounding world, a molar, rather aggressive attitude towards them, and as a result - their assimilation. While introduction of any values in the consciousness of a person occurs when a person forms ability to introjecton and inability to assimilation. Therefore, a totalitarian society has a special food culture - when the level of the body inculcates the habit of introjection of the external object in the form of food, the habit, which is extrapolated to other areas of life, including the sphere of consciousness. Then mental metabolism is also disturbed, and the person is ready to introjection what is suitable for a totalitarian power. Therefore, a totalitarian society cannot be an affluent society - in particular, the culture of food of a totalitarian society must have defective nature and must be accompanied by repressive nutritional practices.
Using a set of psychoanalytic metaphors (repression, the family romance, obsessional neurosis, the cathartic method), this article analyzes New Journalism that altered power dynamics in the 1960s American literature and journalism. On the one hand, it was a literary phenomenon and as such strengthened nonfiction as opposed to fiction. On the other, it remained journalism and as such considerably weakened “objectivity” that had dominated American journalism since the 1920s but suffered reputational damage in the 1950s due to the press’ involuntary involvement in McCarthyism. New Journalism’s major ideologue and practitioner was Tom Wolfe who discovered new creative possibilities in the early 1960s. He was forced to do so, having realized the inadequacy of the journalistic language he knew to new social and cultural realia that attracted his attention. In the early 1970s Wolfe summarized, in a way, the decade of New Journalism, defining its role, suggesting its theory, and outlining its history. Insisting on its literary lineage, however, and stressing its originality, Wolf disregarded a rich tradition of literary journalism that since the 1890s was bridging the gap between subjectivities, as a scholar put it, employing devices associated with fiction. A link in the chain of literary journalism, New Journalism is an important topic in a discussion of literary anthropology.