Реформа городского самоуправления и ее реализация в Алтайском (горном) округе во второй половине XIX – начале XX вв.
The article examines the issues of legal regulation of the municipal management as well as financial and economic activity in the cities of the Altai district in the second half of the 19th – the early 20th centuries determined by the rapid development of capitalist relations in the region.
The chapter is devoted to the interplay of national, regional and global implications in the framework of developing Russia's Siberia and Far East and creating a cooperation bettween Asia-Pacific region and these regions.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the phenomenon of local self-governing, with a new institutional theory being the basis of the analysis. The article analyses the institutional costs of local authorities in small towns and regions when they perform their functions. These costs are, in most cases, unproductive, which make the work of the municipal governments worse. The author introduces a new term "unproductive institutional costs" and proposes their genetics classification.
The book is a first edition of a collection of articles published by the Law Faculty of the Nizhny Novgorod branch of the Federal Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "National Research University "Higher School of Economics". It is devoted to researching various aspects of the power and society interaction in a historical and modern context of the state development. The book is the first edition of a collection of articles published by the Law Faculty of the Nizhny Novgorod branch of the Federal Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "National Research University "Higher School of Economics". The special attention is paid to the history of public institutions and relationship of the power and society from antiquity prior to the beginning of the XX century. A number of problems of the Russian history of this period is considered on materials of the Nizhny Novgorod region.
The edition is addressed to the scientists, students, graduate students, teachers of higher education institutions, all interesteind problems of law and government, history of the state and law.
The article summarizes the data from a few tens of in-depth interviews with entrepreneurs – representatives of a small business from six rural districts of the North-East of Kostroma region. The purpose of the interview was to discover expectations and suggestions from entrepreneurs to the local and state government. Interview data reveal the profound contradictions between the business and the government, some of which are hidden from the external observer. These contradictions are based not only on results of the local authority actions, but also on the specific current status of local government that makes it impossible to effectively interact with the business. On the other hand, the development of local businesses has led to a peculiar configuration of the business community, also making it difficult to communicate with the authorities. Particular feature of Middle Russian North business, especially in the highly subsidized Kostroma region, is its total focus on the use of natural resources, almost exclusively forest. Single-industry raw material specialization of the entrepreneurship as well as very narrow and underdeveloped segment of service makes entrepreneurs completely dependent on arbitrariness of local authorities. This, however, does not protect them from the territorial invasions and capture of the market by big outside mining and network companies. As a result of such two-sided attack local business is trying to get protection from the local government that leads to inadmissible merging of business and government and monopolizing of business in almost every rural district. Direct consequences of such a merging are government inefficiency, lack of incentives for business development, and stagnation. Some “evolutionary stable strategy” has been developed, that does not allow winning any of the actors yet saving them from loses in competition with the outside players. Understanding of the inefficiency and dead-end of such an interaction by some entrepreneurs forces them to raise claims to local authority. Interviews analyses resulted in the list of complaints and suggestions on how to optimize an interaction between the local business and local authorities.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.