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## d=46, 50, 52, 54, 57. Appendix to the paper of A. Peterson, G.K.Sankaran. On some lattice computations related to moduli problems

We show how to analyse the cusp forms of small weights for the moduli spaces of polarised K3 surfaces with these degrees 2d.

We classify the types of root systems *R* in the rings of integers of number fields *K* such that the Weyl
group *W*(*R*) lies in the group generated by Aut(*K*) and multiplications by the elements of *K**.

We study multivariate Chebyshev polynomials associated with root systems. Using properties of specialized singular elements corresponding to a root system, we construct explicitly the measure weight function γ. The latter ensures that these polynomials are orthonormal; it defines the scalar product in the function space where multivariate *U*-type Chebyshev polynomials constitute a basis. The obtained results are illustrated by constructing and studying 2-variate polynomials for root systems $A_{2}$, $B_{2}$, and $G_{2}$.

This book provides an overview of the latest developments concerning the moduli of K3 surfaces. It is aimed at algebraic geometers, but is also of interest to number theorists and theoretical physicists, and continues the tradition of related volumes like “The Moduli Space of Curves” and “Moduli of Abelian Varieties,” which originated from conferences on the islands Texel and Schiermonnikoog and which have become classics.

K3 surfaces and their moduli form a central topic in algebraic geometry and arithmetic geometry, and have recently attracted a lot of attention from both mathematicians and theoretical physicists. Advances in this field often result from mixing sophisticated techniques from algebraic geometry, lattice theory, number theory, and dynamical systems. The topic has received significant impetus due to recent breakthroughs on the Tate conjecture, the study of stability conditions and derived categories, and links with mirror symmetry and string theory. At the same time, the theory of irreducible holomorphic symplectic varieties, the higher dimensional analogues of K3 surfaces, has become a mainstream topic in algebraic geometry.

Given a reduced irreducible root system, the corresponding nil-DAHA is used to calculate the extremal coefficients of nonsymmetric Macdonald polynomials in the limit t→∞ and for antidominant weights, which is an important ingredient of the new theory of nonsymmetric q-Whittaker function. These coefficients are pure q-powers and their degrees are expected to coincide in the untwisted setting with the extremal degrees of the so-called PBW-filtration in the corresponding finite-dimensional irreducible representations of the simple Lie algebras for any root systems. This is a particular case of a general conjecture in terms of the level-one Demazure modules. We prove this coincidence for all Lie algebras of classical type and for G2, and also establish the relations of our extremal degrees to minimal q-degrees of the extremal terms of the Kostant q-partition function; they coincide with the latter only for some root systems. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.