Государственная промышленная политика в 1920-е гг.: антикризисная или кризисная модель?
In the article the questions of the state industrial policy of the 1920-ies are considered from the perspective of neoinstitutional approach that identifies feedback between the economy and political institutions, and explore real and not only a formal management practices. It is shown that the NEP was not complete and holistic management system and consisted of a collection is not always agreed measures on the elimination of major imbalances of the economy. Management decision fits into the overall scheme approval mechanism for centralized management of state industry and market trend has been implemented mainly in the peripheral sectors of the economy. Attempts to fit the public sector economy to a market economy in order to overcome the latter was provided fertile ground for the crisis. A series of crises of the twenties (the financial crisis of 1922, "the crisis of sale" 1923, commodity hunger 1924-1925, the grain procurement crisis 1927-1928, etc.) was born at the intersection of the natural process of revival of market relations and active, but malokompetentnyh intervention of the party-state leadership. And measures taken to overcome another crisis contributed to a further narrowing of the market space.