«Овес нынче дорог» (из комментария к роману И. Ильфа и Е. Петрова «Двенадцать стульев»)
Commentary on the novel "The Twelve Chairs"
Analysis of various approaches to the study of everyday life shows the importane of literary texts as a source of not only facts from daily life of the past, but also of the views of the author's contemporaries on a variety of events. "Starik Khottabych", a tale by Soviet children's story writer L/Laguin, is discussed as an unconventional example of how changes in everyday life are reflected in the literature of the time. Similarities are also revealed between "Starik Khottabych" and the highly acclaimed satirical novels by Ilf and Petrov, "Twelve Chairs" amd "The Little Golden Calf". In both cases, a protagonist disconnected from Soviet realities serves to create an estrangement effect, which highlights some problems inherent in that reality and not necessarily articulated by the contemporaries.
This article was written based on the book by Ilya Ilf and Yevgeny Petrov, "One-storey America"
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.