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Article

Вступительное слово "Глобальные вызовы и управление ими"

Ларионова М. В., Киртон Дж. Дж.
The global community currently confronts a comprehensive, interconnected array of compelling global challenges across the economic, development and security domains. They range from the ongoing search for strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive economic growth backed by stable financial systems, the struggle for adequate social development, poverty reduction,
energy and environmental security, and the reality and threat of violent conflict and weapons proliferation from old state and new non-state actors alike.
Meeting these challenges requires ever stronger, smarter global governance, above all from the leaders of the world’s most significant countries, the multilateral organizations they control and the many civil society communities upon which they ultimately depend. At the centre of such global governance for the 21st century stand the new plurilateral summit institutions (PSIs): above all, the Group of Eight (G8) arising in 1998 and the Group of 20 (G20) in 2008, as well as the BRICS grouping of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa in 2009.
Yet many observers and participants see the performance of these new PSIs declining and thus doubt their ability to cope with the greater global challenges arising now. One particular concern is the effectiveness of these institutions in producing appropriate, effective results. Another key concern is their legitimacy, based importantly on their governing in an inclusive and transparent way. At the core of both these concerns lies the key question of accountability – do the members comply with their commitments in ways that share the burden fairly, that assess their performance allowing for needed self-correction and dynamic improvement in response to changing circumstances, and that produce the intended and needed results to benefit all?