Value of design for competitiveness
Good design is of great value today. However, in the future it will be of even greater value. The commoditization of traditional manufacturing and the increasing influence of 3D printing is driving profit out of manufacturing and into creating or owning the underlying product design. Consequently design in not only an important topic for journals on design, but also in other fields such as technology innovation management – hence this special issue in Technovation. The special issue consists of six papers covering a variety of topics including management and modularity.
There co-exist several problems when measuring the level of competitiveness. The major one is that it represents an integral indicator of the enterprise performance. The indicator has something in common with the notion of the utility function used in economics. The latter one stamps a numerical equivalent of the utility associated by an individual from the consumption (or possession) of certain goods. Nevertheless, it stays an implicit (non-observable) function.
This paper describes the experience of the application of the design approach which is used in the HSE - Nizhny Novgorod in the teaching of accounting (financial) accounting, auditing, economic analysis. The stages of a complex project, as benefits of this approach and the problems that arise.
The commented famous work by S.J. Gould and R.C. Lewontin is crucial not only to sociobiology critique but to polemics on evolutionary theory in general. Reflection provoked by Gould and Lewontin’s paper in the field of philosophy of biology enables to clarify the relation between the adaptationist program and biological reductionism.
Brazil and Germany have a "shared history" or shared stories that refer not only to the similarities and differences between the two countries, but also to cultural approaches between them despite the socio-cultural differences and geographical distance. Accordingly, the contributions in this volume highlight the German Brazilian relations in design, film, literature, and media. At the same time they discuss motivations, connections, comparisons and inspirations of these relations.
New trends, technologies and symbols of the "Design and advertisement 2013" exhibition with illustrated examples are described in the article.
In this paper the comparative characteristics of the РС ASONIKA-K and PМ of reliability calculations are given.
This essay presents taxonomy for analyzing objects in films and applies it to the work of Canadian filmmaker, Denys Arcand. This kind of analysis aims to identify and analyze how the most representative daily objects are used in films. The following three films were analyzed for the purposes of this paper: Le déclin de l´empire américain (The Decline of the American Empire, 1986), Les invasions barbares (The Barbarian Invasions, 2003) and L’âge des ténèbres (Days of Darkness, 2007). This research was developed at Concordia University, Montreal, Canada and supported by the Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Canada (DFAIT).
The author analyzes the most widely applied risk management standards in Russia, emphasizing the lack of a clear system for operational risk management. Reviewing the challenges emerging on European markets due to the introduction of the Solvency II directive, he suggests approaches to the solution of possible problems for Russian insurers.
Many electronic devices operate in a cyclic mode. This should be considered when forecastingreliability indicators at the design stage.The accuracy of the prediction and the planning for the event to ensure reliability depends on correctness of valuation and accounting greatest possiblenumber of factors. That in turn will affect the overall progress of the design and, in the end,result in the quality and competitiveness of products
The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.