Барьеры на пути единого рынка услуг ЕС
The EU has the most developed liberalization mechanism in services trade within the framework of an economic bloc. On the basis internal market of the European Union there are four complementary principles: non-discrimination, national origin, mutual recognition and harmonization. The system of supranational institutions, which decisions are binding upon member states, contributes to a high level of services liberalization in the EU. However, the creation of a single market for services hasn’t completed at all. The reasons are following: not all basic for single market principles are fully applied, and a service is a very specific object for international trade. Financial - economic crisis caused a new wave of protectionism in different countries, which has reflected in the preservation and the emergence of new barriers to trade in services within the EU. Integration of services in the Union is accompanied by important trade initiatives at the multilateral level. In the World Trade Organization EU countries negotiate a new agreement on trade in services, and offer provisions which providing transparency, deepening liberalization and investor protection for foreign investors in the market, will also complement and foster the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) EU - USA. Russia is only the fourth most important partner in trade in services for the EU. At the same time the European Union remains a key partner in trade in services, as well as in trade in goods for Russia. Concerning this trade economic relations there is a considerable potential for growth for both countries.