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  • Роль целенаправленности и результативности действий взрослого в освоении предметных действий у детей на втором году жизни

Article

Роль целенаправленности и результативности действий взрослого в освоении предметных действий у детей на втором году жизни

Котова Т. Н., Юдина Т. О., Котов А. А.

At the age of 12-24 months, infants are actively interested in objects used by adult, despite the number of experienced difficulties in achieving their goals. What is making the child attempt to handle an object for designated purpose while watching the adult? One of the evident explanations concerns the efficiency of the adult’s behavior and child’s desire to achieve the same result. However, widely known researches prove that a child is guided not exclusively by result, but also by adult’s intention.  In our study, we verified the reason guiding a child’s choice in ambiguous condition modeled by situations opposing intentional and efficient behavior style of the adult. We discovered, that 16-20 months  old infants preferred copying adult’s intentional action (even if the action was not providing for an attractive result), but not accidental (even if the action was providing for an attractive result). However, the tendency of following the intention is developing in process of growing, as no similar pattern is observed at 12-16 months children. Here we also discuss the found out phenomenon in terms of its relation to the existing data on overimitation effect's research including the age range of its manifestation. Our data allow assuming that development of infant experience acquisition through interaction with an adult is, probably not carried out by complication of instrumental activity but through adjoining the child’s learning process of action planning while acquiring the experience.