The Ghost of the Universal Spectator
The image of BRICS as a single unit has not formed in Africa by now. There are still separate and very different images of five BRICS states in the African mass consciousness. The more actions in the sphere of cooperation with African countries BRICS as organization will undertake, the quicker its image will form there. The evidence from Tanzania confirm the aforesaid.
The BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) are “(re)emerging powers” that at present compete in Africa most actively with “traditional powers” (former colonial powers, the USA, some others), on the one hand, and, in fact, with each other, notwithstanding the establishment of the BRICS formal unity, on the other. In this contest for African spatiality and resources an important part is played by images of the respective countries in the Africans’ mass consciousness as a significant prerequisite for consolidation of their positions and implementation of their goals on the continent.
Under the rubrics of literature and music, two artistic forms of expression are brought together that have traditionally been connected, albeit not always in harmonious unity. In the spirit of the paragone, the competition between different art forms, in a number of historical aesthetics and poetics there is rather a competitive relationship between text and music, word and sound. Written in Dutch, English, and French and submitted by international scholars, the essays collected in this volume of Cahier voor Literatuurwetenschap - the book series sponsored by the Flemish Association of Literary Studies - address a range of issues outlining the contemporary shape of the interdisciplinary field of word and music studies.
This book, which contains articles both in German and English, analyses images of and reflections on Africa in Russia, Poland and Germany in the 20th century.
The point of the article is the idea that an activity, an image and a word are the means to spiritualize a body and to externalize spirit. Each o them is a heterogeneous entity: a kind of metaform where both internal and external forms appear. E.g. an activity being considered as an external form includes an image and a word. The same structure is peculiar to a word and an image. Because of such a structure an activity, an image and a word are as much corporeal as they are spiritual. A play of their external and internal forms is extended to interrelationship of the body, the soul and the spirit. It is argued that such a model of reasoning may be of use for psychotherapeutic practices.
The article is devoted to the topic of publishing of the visual documents as a new trend of the State Archive of Perm region.
Traditionally phenomenology was considered as the philosophical movement that pays no attention to the problem of medium understood as the material mediator of thinking process. Admittedly, this media-indifference of phenomenology results from its subjective-idealistic orientation. Acknowledging the truth of this retrospective interpretation the alternative look at the problem of relationship between phenomenology and media studies offered in this article is future-oriented and takes as its starting point the very idea of phenomenality considered as main theme of phenomenological researches. As opposed to plural and particular phenomena, holistic phenomenality allows us to think the object of phenomenological researches as a consistent field of primary appearance which embraces not only the objective structures of phenomenological experience, but also the subjective ones. In this sense primary phenomenality is the primordial medium of any appearance. The visual image (and its experience) is offered as the best model for explication of phenomenality understood in terms of mediality.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.