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Article

Реформы в условиях внешнего шока: принятие Европейского ордера на арест как ответ на трагедию 11 сентября 2001 года

What determines outcomes of policy reforms and what influences scope of the changes brought by reform process? Scholars in political science believe crises and disasters to be one of the factors that may condition reform outcomes as policy entrepreneurs would often take stock of those crises to launch reforms and push for their preferred solutions. The case study of extradition policy reform in the EU carried out in the article reveals how group of entrepreneurs had been able to instrumentally use the 9/11 to make EU member states adopt the Framework decision on the European Arrest Warrant that completely eliminated extradition procedure within the EU. The argument put forth is twofold. First, entrepreneurs manipulate the reform process to palm off solutions that often have nothing to do with problems revealed by crises. Second, the entrepreneurs’ actions can make other actors agree to the outcomes that initially seemed unacceptable to them.