Determining the optimal level of product availability according to the product life cycle
The project proposal of the research is devoted to examining the level of logistics service according to the present context of the company and product life cycle. The problem of the paper is based on the phenomenon that companies do not estimate accurate logistics costs and stage of product life cycle for meeting it. The research is focused not so much on studying types of logistics services but rather on determining the level of logistics service in terms of costs and product availability. The aim of the project is to find the optimal level of logistics service for the particular stage of product life cycle.
The paper considers main world trends which are affecting to logistics development. Some indicators for describing logistics sector and logistics market are given. Special focus is directed to an analysis of barriers as constrains for logistic development: size/scale of national economy, industrial structure of economy, particular features of spatial resource allocation. As a summary of the analyses there is conclusion about underdeveloped logistics sector/market in Russian economy. In its turn exploring of new resources for accelerating economic growth in Russia is limited, and, as a result, logistics constrains for new economic growth stage are existing. Suggestions concern some mechanisms for transition to new stage of economic growth on the base of complex logistics development are given
The paper considers the problems related to accounting, control and analysis of logistics costs both at the global level (country, industry) and at the level of an individual company that is of highly topicality in the context of different approaches comparison and best logistics solutions identified. The analysis of international accounting practices and classification of logistics costs in the supply chain are conducted. In particular, the article considers the unique experience of assessing logistics costs during controlling of logistics in renowned German consulting companies ZLU and Barkawi Management Consultants GmbH & CoKG. It is shown the importance of comparing the existing international system of estimating the total logistics costs, as the last metric is the main indicator of processes effectiveness in the supply chains. It is studied the principles and methodological approaches of structuring logistics costs, the requirements of information collection and the costs dynamics of non-industrial companies in Europe. A review and comparative analysis of possible approaches to the assessment of logistics costs used in the works of domestic scientists are provided. It is posed practical recommendations for monitoring and analyzing of logistics costs in Russia at macro and micro level as well as it is signified the problems of total costs components evaluation in supply chains of Russian companies.
Using the city logistic concept, we have formulated the main principals of designing of the logistic systems aimed at providing resources for city enterprises and citizens. As an assessment of the city logistic systems, there have been developed an integral criteria of effectiveness which takes into account logistic costs, SNIPS (shipped not invoiced products or services), ecological damage related to different ways of supplies and types of transportation means being used.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management