Entertaitment Media and Pоlitics: Russian Сontent
The study showed that composition of audience groups and the ratio among them has transformed substantially in recent years. Requirements of contemporary audience (including information, entertainment, communication, etc.) have grown significantly in comparison with the recent past. Share of political content in the entertainment sphere is increasing steadily. Although institutionalized groups and associations with the help of professional journalists contribute and distribute the biggest part of political media content, the increasingly big part of it is produced by users themselves. A new classification of media consumer types was proposed.
The article analyzes the infl uence of the regulation on the non-repayable transfer of a work to the general public at the author’s will. This regulation is being proposed as an amendment to Russian intellectual property law. The author of the article believes that this legal rule will enrich Russian law with positive author’s rights in addition to negative prohibitive powers. The next step proposed is to legalize the author’s right to transfer works to the public domain. Positive author’s rights are considered in the context of accumulating information capital in order to develop Russia’s post-industrial economy.
In this paper it is suggested an approach and a set of methods of modeling organizational system, represented as "centaur-object". As a part of this approach it is developed a set of requirements to the information system, intended to facilitate the co-operation of the components of "centaur-system".
Infocommunication services industry is a branch of material production involved in the creation of material goods and national income. Each production industry, except for the General features peculiar to all branches of material production, has its own characteristics, leaving an imprint on the nature of its enterprises. In the field of Infocommunications, this is primarily a feature of the subject of labor, which are the services provided to their consumers using infocommunication systems. Infocommunication products are not in the form of a product or thing. K. Marx called it a useful effect delivered to the consumer of this effect through the transmission of messages (information, content). Despite the immaterial nature of infocommunication products, it is material, as it is a product of spatial movement, which by its nature is material
The paper is part of a large foresight study carried out by the authors at the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge for the Russian Ministry of Telecommunication and Mass Communications. It is important that mass communication, with its virtual product is related to two other sectors: telecommunications and information and communication technology. Technological transformations affect these three industries alike; the growth of bandwidth, convergence of terminals and growth of their computational performance are transforming products and markets in all three. Long-term trends in these markets have been well defined by a range of industrial experts. The conclusion of the paper provides recommendations for the revision of public policy.
The authors note only a few new tendencies in services and products. However, wide diffusion of these trends due to cheap technologies will lead to radical changes in the sector. New markets will appear as a result of expansion and adjustment of industrial relations between agents, previously independent of each other. Key trends are the abandonment of linear-media in favor of "user-controlled" consumption, with a growing amount of content produced by the user, and the spread of social interactions. The trends are interrelated and determine the transformation of business models, the sources of income, and the value of goods produced by the media industry. The most negative trend according to experts is "deprofessionalization" of content, which poses a risk for institutionalized forms of media. With such turbulent changes regulation in mass communications will inevitably undergo transformation. Henceforth it will not be able to rely upon content filtering and setting quotas. Instead the regulation should be built upon enabling a diversity of information sources to create the news agenda at the request of the audience.
Research is devoted to the analysis of various forms of communicative activity of the Russian-speaking Internet.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.