Становится ли качественное образование доступнее?
Within the framework of the project "Monitoring the Economics of Education," Higher School of Economics conducts regular surveys of schools’ principals and teachers. The survey sample includes 1,004 principals and 1,081 teachers. The sample represented all types of settlements and all federal districts of Russia, government and non-government schools.
This monograph aims at analyzing the minimum wage and 'effective contract' legislation in international context, taking into account both historical and modern peculiarities in general and with a particular emphasis on public service. This analysis being performed from a comparative viewpoint, allowed the authors to assess the legislative amendments suggested by the legislator against the labour legislation currently in force. It has also helped to throw light onto the gaps and conflicts in the minimum wage and 'effective contract' regulation and common errors in its enforcement. The authors formulated their own suggestions concerning further legislation development in this field. This monograph was prepared with information support of the "ConsultantPlus" electronic legal database system.
The book contains abstracts of papers presented at the Third Saburov reading. Most of them develop ideas and topics specifically related to the life and works of Eugene F. Saburov (1946-2009) - statesman, reformer, a prominent organizer of education, writer and poet. Like the preceding Saburov readings, in a statement reflected the problems of innovation and reform in the Russian society. A prominent place is given to the results and prospects of the reform of education are analyzed its regional aspects, financial and economic mechanisms.
This article aims at discussing general trends and outcomes of the general education system reform in Russia. It focuses on the National priority project "Education" that started in Russia in 2005 and in 2007 - 2009 it included realization of a support programme for regional complex modernization projects in 31 regions of Russian Federation. We analyze the outcomes of introduction of new economic mechanisms in the regions and primarily, the introduction of a new wage and compensation system aimed at increasing teachers' well-being and quality of their work; and transition to per capita financing standard. Then we make an assessment of the regions' achievements in developing schools' network and providing access to quality education regardless of place of residence under the unfavorable demographic conditions. The article summarizes the impact of complex modernization projects in the regions and shows the emergence of "diffusion chain of innovations". But we have yet to introduce efficient mechanisms to promote innovations in the rest of the Russian regions, its lack may lead to an increasing gap between leaders and outsiders. Dissemination of the best practices and financial support for further modernization of the education system from 2010 and on will be ensured in frames of National educational initiative " Our New School" approved by the Russian President after public debates.
Based on thorough analysis of legislation, the author studies legal regulation of salary payment terms, shows the history of this issue.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.