Моделирование бизнес-процессов с использованием DSM-платформы MetaLanguage
An effective management of enterprises is impossible without using tools of modeling and analy-sis of business processes. Used modeling tools should be available for different categories of users, system analysts and business analysts participating in creation and study of models. One more require-ment is diminution of operation laboriousness of the analysts through reuse of the developed models for the solution of different tasks, upon transition from one stage of operations to another where other mod-eling means are applied. Domain specific modeling with DSM-platforms, intended for development of domain-specific languages and models, and also for execution of their transformations according to needs of users, can become a basis of such means. Use of DSM-platforms allows to expand expressive facilities of existing languages, to create new languages "focused" on the solution of certain tasks in specific domain. There are many DSM-platforms, but the analysis showed that all of them have the re-strictions that are essential from the point of view of considered tasks. The requirements to languages and means of business modeling are described in the paper. New opportunities the MetaLanguage DSM-platform, increasing performance of analysts operation, are presented.
Tools of the DSM-platform MetaLanguage for creation of domain specific languages and for multilevel modeling are described. The transformations definition facility provides lower labor consumption for languages development and for model transformations.
In article the approach to creation of the formal description of the metalanguage, used for development of visual domain-specific languages of information systems modeling, based on directed pseudo-metagraphs, is considered. Using graph models for formal metalanguage definition of system MetaLanguage allows to describe its properties, to develop algorithms of horizontal and vertical metamodels and models transformation.
In paper the methods of model transformations created by means of visual modeling languages is considered. The detailed analysis has allowed to reveal existing problems in this area and to formulate approaches to their elimination.
Different specialists are involved in software development at once: databases designers, business analysts, user interface designers, programmers, testers, etc. It leads to creation and usage in systems designing of various models fulfilled from the different points of view, with different levels of details, which use different modeling languages for the description. Thus there is a necessity of models transformation as between different levels of hierarchy, and within the same level between different modeling languages for creation of united model of system and exporting of models to external systems. The MetaLanguage system is intended to visual domain-specific languages creation. The approaches to development of a model transformation component of MetaLanguage system are considered. This component allows to fulfill vertical and horizontal model transformations of “model-text” and “model-model” types. These transformations are based on graph grammars described by production rules. Each rule contains the left- and right-hand sides. The algorithm of the left-hand side search in the source model and the algorithms of execution of a right-hand side of a rule are described. Transformations definitions for models in ERD notation are presented as example.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.