Права человека, демократия, верховенство права и современные социальные вызовы в комплексных обществах
This article analyzes the proceedings of the XXVI World Congress of philosophy of law and social philosophy “Human Rights, Democracy, Rule of Law and Contemporary Social Challenges in Complex Societies”. In author’s opinion, this topic is important as far as the developing countries now experience more acute problems and this necessitates for these countries to coordinate their economical improvement with protection of human rights. At the same time, the Western countries are faced with the challenge to find an appropriate reply to the criticism toward the model which was imposed by these countries to the rest of the world. The authors focus their attention on the plenary presentations made by the participants of the Congress who from different angles examined the problem of reciprocal dependence of human rights, democracy, liberal social order, and economical and cultural development. The plenary speakers drew the attention of the auditorium to such problems as interaction of the state law of the South African Republic and of the customary law acting in this country, legal guarantees against intrusion into the process of thinking, connection between jural regulation, human emotions, human reason, interdependence between legality of state order and security of democracy, balancing of judicial and political guarantees of rights, an individual human right to democracy, and some other urging and actual issues of the contemporary jurisprudence.