Political Economy in a Changing World
Seasonality and cyclicity - are two influential factors that affect dynamics of macroeconomic indicators both during the year and longer periods of time. In this article are discussed methodological questions that arise during seasonal decomposition of the GDP by factors for the year when balance aggregate and factors ratio is constant. Economic cycles mechanisms origin and their identification questions based on the combination of classical methods of spectral analysis and historic approach. Presented is the fact that along with more regular cycles such as investment and Kondratiev wave, influence of shocks (such as «oil prices crises») appear so called causal cycles that lead to a serious change in technological base of production. Particular importance (emphasis is placed on ) a new technological wave which is expected to strike the world in 2020 th and those goal set before the Russia. This research is done on the basis of world and Russian (national) statistics.
The article presents the results of experimental and theoretical studies of the dynamics of the process of electric discharge sawing by wire tool electrode aimed at solving problems of control
The paper develops an approach to analyze dynamics of economic network structures, such as spatial agglomerations. The approach is based on a use of powers of matrices with an idempotent operation.
The article concentrates on the analysis of new tendencies in the theoretical foundations of historical sociology in the incoming new century. It focuses on the so called “third wave” in sociology which strangely remains unnoticed by historians. Meanwhile the representatives of the “third wave” rejected the fundamental principles of their teachers – creators of many famous concepts of modernization. The new generation in American sociology prefers to focus their studies on topics other than typology, searching for contingency, unpredictability, chains of events, path dependency etc. Here in conceptual approaches to the past social reality we find out deliberate and thought-out attempt to use transformed and formalized but essentially historical methods which are well articulated. The broader object of the research is the historical knowledge and the professional concepts about “subject and method”, the creation of interdisciplinary areas, mutual adoption and interventions.
X МЕЖДУНАРОДНАЯ IEEE НАУЧНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКАЯ КОНФЕРЕНЦИЯ «ДИНАМИКА СИСТЕМ, МЕХАНИЗМОВ И МАШИН». Конференция направлена на демонстрацию и популяризацию результатов научной деятельности, развитие системы эффективных коммуникаций научной общественности, повышение уровня международного обмена научными знаниями, повышение статуса инженерного образования, повышение качественного уровня и соответствие международным стандартам публикаций конференции.
Конференция посвящена рассмотрению актуальных вопросов в различных отраслях науки, таких как проектирование машин и механизмов; электроэнергетические, электромеханические и радиотехнические системы; информационные и измерительные процессы; испытание и контроль; тепловые и газодинамические процессы; конструкции летательных аппаратов; технологические процессы; трибосистемы; информационная безопасность, а также математическое моделирование.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.