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Article

Пиратство в зоне Аденского залива: современное состояние проблемы

Пискунова Н. И.

The article focuses on trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf, which were visualized in 2009-2012. The research assesses the core actors, their activities and corresponding reactions of the local and international authorities. The study is based on analytical monitoring, which was conducted in 2009-2012.

The problem of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf presents a new research area in regional and global studies. The focal academic interest is attached to both theoretical and practical issues surrounding the problem of piracy: analysis of the current state of this issue, question on the status of pirates as possible actors of the regional security system, new trends in maritime piracy exhibited in the region.

At the current level of this problem, it is necessary to prove or disapprove of the thesis that today maritime piracy is a local, and not international, problem. The same applies to the issue whether maritime piracy is linked with Somalia state failure and the necessity of international reaction to this issue. Threats to global security that may arise from this issue also require assessment.

This article incorporates the consideration of soft security issues into analysis of current trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf. In particular, the spectrum of issues that influence security configuration in this region is widened to include tendencies in internal political development, and state failure issue, as it fosters the conditions favorable for maritime piracy and kidnapping in this region.

 

A new method of research is applied in this material. This is the method of analytical monitoring, which was used by the author to apprehend the situation in the Aden Gulf for several years from 2009 to 2012. This allowed creating a database of events, related to this issue. This database widens the opportunities of conducting long-term research on the issues of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf.