Региональные факторы экономической активности пожилого населения России
The paper summarizes the results of a study of regional macroeconomic factors that determine the level of economic activity of the Russian population aged 50-59 and 60-72. Data of the Federal State Statistics Service for the period from 2009 to 2011 was examined. There were significant factors (such as welfare, employment, urbanization, health and environment and the degree of comfort of living in the region), influencing the level of economic activity of older people.
This article discusses an important issue of older people’s image in the modern world. The authors’ research results demonstrate that perceptions of older people in Russia are quite controversial, but overall are rather negative. Poverty, inadequacy to the modern world (both in terms of life experience and adaptability to the modern life style), passiveness and concentration on the family and home were reported by the respondents as qualities most typical for older people. However, these perceptions change towards more positive ones while talking about older people they know closely and expectations towards their own older age appear to be more of active ageing, active life style.
The article deals with results of the scientific seminar on "Legal Aspects of the BRICS", held in St. Petersburg with the participation of law professors from universities in the BRICS countries. They are represented in the collection of articles with the same title. The author presents the conclusion about the necessity of comparative studies of legal systems of the BRICS countries for the successful cooperation in the framework of the BRICS group, notes the potential of a harmonization of the legal regulation of all spheres of cooperation, besides of the use of the international law.
Developed countries are facing an urgent problem of population aging. How can we overcome social and economic consequences of aging processes?
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.