К вопросу истории формирования дачных посёлков вокруг Москвы в ХХ веке
According to statistical information, more than half of Russian city dwellers owned a plot or a second house by the first years of the 21st century. In spite of such impressive data, the second home ownership phenomenon can hardly be found in the administrative documents or in town planning proposals for cities and suburban regions. Meanwhile, it is difficult to imagine the past and present state of the many environs of Russian cities without second home ownership, i.e., dacha that deeply impacts the suburban environment.
Hypothesizing that the spread of second home settlements in the Moscow region is an integral part of urbanization and presents a local manifestation of the international process of suburbanization, this paper aims to reveal the stages and specifics of Moscow’s ‘second home belt’ formation. A study on dacha settlements could contribute not only to a more profound understanding of urban-rural Russian culture and its past, but also to better understanding trends in city growth.
The practice of dacha subdivision, and garden plot allotment in particular, spread widely during Soviet times, not only within the Russian Federation, but also to other Soviet Republics and even other socialist countries. While in the environs of the many-socialist cities, second homes are actively included into the real estate market and housing supply, Moscow’s suburbs demonstrate their loyalty to the established tradition of seasonal migration between the city and the countryside. This study seeks to address the question how do the shifting from socialist to market economy impact the dacha life-style of the Muscovites and to look into dynamics of the changes in the relations between the city and hinterland since the collapse of the socialist state from dachas’ point of view.
The book aims to trace and explain the historical evolution of Moscow, the capital of the Tsardom of Russia, Soviet Union and Russian Federation, as a political entity and political community, and to understand what place Moscow occupied within the Russian political space and what role it played in Russian political life for centuries until 2018. The authors consistently examine the dramatic political history of the contemporary Russian capital in the Moscow (13th – 17th centuries) and St. Petersburg (18th – 19th centuries) epochs, in the Soviet period, in the post-Soviet era, and identify its key points and the most pivotal events.
The December protests in Moscow do not represent a “Russian Spring,” “Orange Revolution,” or new version of Perestroika. Rather they have more in common with the Progressive movement that fought corruption in the U.S. during the early part of the twentieth century. The demonstrations made clear that Russian citizens now want to play an active role in their country’s political life.
We present a simple hedonic model for apartment prices in Moscow in the year 2003. Based on some 15,000 observations we estimate the model and use the estimates for prediction. Pretest issues are explicitly taken into account.