The discipline of enterprise engineering
A century ago, Taylor published a landmark in the organisational sciences: his Principles of Scientific Management. Many researchers have elaborated on Taylors principles, or have been influenced otherwise. The authors of the current paper evaluate a century of enterprise development, and conclude that a paradigm shift is needed for dealing adequately with the challenges that modern enterprises face. Three generic goals are identified. The first one, intellectual manageability, is the basis for mastering complexity; current approaches fall short in assisting professionals to master the complexity of enterprises and enterprise changes. The second goal, organisational concinnity, is conditional for making strategic initiatives operational; current approaches do not, or inadequately, address this objective. The third goal, social devotion, is the basis for achieving employee empowerment as well as knowledgeable management and governance; modern employees are highly educated knowledge workers; yet, the mindset of managers has not evolved accordingly. The emerging discipline of Enterprise Engineering, as conceived by the authors, is considered to be a suitable vehicle for achieving these goals. It does so by providing new, powerful theories and effective methodologies. A theoretical framework is presented for positioning the theories, goals, and fundamentals of enterprise engineering in four classes: philosophical, ontological, ideological and technological.
Supply Chain Management in modern conditions requires close integration of business processes of transport companies and information technology. We know that today there are a large number of applications and information systems for the automation of logistics activities. Currently there is no complete and consistent classification of software products of the Transportation Management System (TMS). Their diversity is relevant in the context of the fourth industrial revolution ("Industry 4.0"). It's difficult to navigate existing and emerging information systems and choose the most appropriate. The most important class TMS products are designed to plan, organize, and account for the operation of the vehicle fleet. However, their practical use is often ineffective for several reasons. One of the common problems in the implementation of the information system is the lack of or inadequate investigation of all operating activities of the enterprise and its strategic position in the market, the analysis of information flows, evaluation of employees of business roles, mechanism of decision-making. The reason for this is the lack of logistics management competencies in the field of information technology, and on the other hand, often poor understanding of IT-managers of the transport processes. Therefore, a practical approach synchronization strategic goals, objectives, business processes, supply chain management with business logic implemented information system. The paper discusses the use of proper Zachman enterprise architecture framework as this approach. This proper framework is simple enough to understand, and is known for a long time in the IT industry. Therefore, its use in the development of the information supply chain management system in practice, it seems appropriate for small and medium-sized freight enterprises. It is known that the business processes of all transport companies in general are often very similar. However, in practice often requires a flexible adaptation of the information system for each of them.
In modern world enterprises need to be agile in their operation and structure to react to changes quickly. One of the open questions here is how to develop the enterprise, or, to be more precise, if enterprise needs to be developed, and if yes, in which way. In this research we are focusing on the case when enterprise stakeholders understand the need of enterprise development, have ideas for that, and they need decision support method to understand if enterprise restructuring is likely to be successful and cost effective. Another covered topic is how to choose the best option for restructuring from variety provided. In this paper we describe the developed decision support method which combines DEMO methodology and transaction costs theory for quantitative costs estimation. To make this method applicable and reproducible we proposed few enhancements to DEMO notation.
The study identifies operational risks within service-oriented architecture (SOA) of information systems. As a part of operational risks a new error classification scheme is proposed for SOA applications. It is based on errors of the information systems which are service providers for application with service-oriented architecture. The proposed classification approach was used to classify system errors from two different enterprises (oil and gas industry, metal and mining industry). Besides we conducted a research to identify possible losses from operational risks and estimated losses for each error group per day.
Innovation is the realization of a creative idea being applied to an existing problem. This application may be either of a new idea or the adoption of an existing idea. As we can see some aspects of Enterprise Architecture development and other activities in large organizations may grow from supposed purely engineering tasks to real research problems. This is a soil for cooperation and co-innovation in research and development that may be of a great value for both science and industry.
Information is used in modern enterprises in all sectors of the manufacturing processes for production to strategic planning and business management at the highest level. Due to the widespread introduction of electronic means of communication, regular changes in the markets and tightening of legislation there are increasing requirements for accuracy, timeliness and relevance of information. Along with it the volumes of information are increasing. In large enterprises the provision of reliable information is becoming a necessity. The practice of data management allows such companies to gain a holistic view of their IT resources, adjust the flow of data in the context of business processes, and to support the execution of activities on the integration of information systems, which ultimately creates the necessary conditions to ensure the reliability of information. The article discusses an integrated approach to enterprise data management, and proposes an architectural solution for the implementation of this approach in practice.
While knowledge of competence is of particular value to the enterprise, and notion of competence is being actively used in enterprise engineering field of research, there is a lack of practical usage of competences while restructuring enterprises. This paper presents a modelling framework for competencebased enterprise restructuring using ontologies, which is based on DEMO’s ATD and helps to combine competence requirements on ontological level, competence requirements on implementation level and existing individual competences on implementation level. The number of open questions for future research is being provided. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.