Mein Kompliment… Языковое воплощение речевого акта комплимент
The article is devoted to the investigation of сompliments – speech acts of positive evaluation of physical and moral human qualities. The author makes a research into the form, vocabulary and usage of such speech acts, their emotiveness. The author arrives at the conclusion that qualificatory structures are an important part of polite speech. They are closely interconnected with other speech fragments and this interrelation presupposes the roles and contextual links of compliments in speech.
The article focuses on the aspectual verbal form of performative verbs 'swear' and 'promise' in the proposition of commissive utterances. The author emphasises the aspectual verbal forms relating to three temporal perspectives: present, future and past. The author also highlights the frequency and features of temporal perspectives in the proposition of verbs 'swear' and 'promise'.
The question of the predicate nature in the judgment from the logical-linguistic viewpoint has been dealt with in the investigations of many linguists. Although a number of issues have been analyzed and discussed much, there is no common consideration and no accurate classification of predicate types yet.
This paper is an attempt to establish predicate nature and predicate classification and its role in the modus structure of the sentence. To understand the predicate nature better it should be considered a compound sentence, which manifests itself in its division into modus and dictum. This results in a new prospect of reconsideration of the cognitive, semantic, and syntactic aspects of the compound sentence.
A topic of the paper is a syntactic structure, meaning and origin of an ancient Greek proverb about an ass and a lyre. The syntax of the proverb (or, more exact, the proverbial expression) ὄνος λύρας seems to be very simple, but the lack of a verb or preposition makes its meaning vague. What is this proverbial ass doing with the musical instrument? Is he listening? Or playing? Or something else? An answer depends on a syntactic motivation of the genitive case λύρας. It is quite evident, that ancient poets and writers were not unanimous in understanding of this proverbial expression, so it may mean, that the proverbial phrase ὄνος λύρας was not a result of reduction of a full-fledged proverb, but originally appeared in the Greek language in precisely this form and then, in the course of time, developed a full-fledged proverbial context. This could happen as a result of translation or calquing from another language. The following circumstance served as the basis for this supposition: the image of an ass with a lyre is generally not very characteristic of the classical tradition: in addition to the proverbial phrase of interest to us, it only appears in a fable by Phaedrus. But this image is highly popular in the tradition of the ancient Near East, where asses with strings are present in the iconography of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Syria.
This article is devoted to the analysis of verbal peculiarities of communicative strategy Directive in English discourse. The historically formed peculiarities of English-speaking communicants’ attitude toward the ways of expressing directive are also distinguished in order to highlight their culturological originality. The main focus is directed towards the lingual expressions of directive in different communicative situations. Considerable emphasis is given to the means of softening and avoiding of direct imperative constructions as part of the strategy of distancing. The empiric material for our research is represented by authentic literature of English-speaking countries of the 21-st century.
The article elaborates an illocutive-interactional classification of speech acts forming the minimal unities of the pragmatic module of french dialogical discourse. The criterion of this classification is pragmatic modality understood as a category including two varieties: a) illocutive modality embracing all the components of the utterance connected with the expression of locutor’s intentions; b) interactional modality characterizing the degree of interlocutors’ involvement and representation in the act of communication.
In the knowledge-based economy perception of value changes? that finally influences on the evaluation of business cost/ Consideration of intellectual property as a wealth (and cost) creating factor imply analisis of this property's components and their roles in creation of this wealth.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.