Формирование национальной системы технологического прогнозирования: проблемы и перспективы
During the last decade new systems of strategic tools of science, technology and innovation (STI) policy has been established in many developed and developing countries. Science and technology (S&T) Foresight in a variety of its forms and implementations is an integral part of these systems. The paper is devoted to the creation of the Russian system of technology Foresight. It provides a brief comparative analysis of S&T Foresight systems in different countries, their roles and practical applications in the government decision-making. The analysis of the Russian experience of S&T Foresight is used to identify major challenges and barriers for its use for development of government STI policy. The main aims, objectives and principles of the national system of technology Foresight are discussed.