Талассократия, империя и демократия в Афинах
In this article we ask the question whether Athenian Sea Power (thalassocracy) and Empire (arche) brought about the development of democracy. We can assume that thalassocracy strengthened to some extent the common people (nautkos ochlos), but its transformation into arche lead to the hegemony of all Athenian citizens over the allied cities.
Articles devotes to the conflict betwee Athens and Peloponnesian League headed by Sparta. It will open the way to the war between Athens and Sparta.
The main focus of this paper is the relation between the realisation of the right of the child to express his/her views and democracy in Russia. With this in view, I will study the interconnection between the right to express the views and the right to participate. Further, I will give an overview of the specifics of democracy in Russia, how they influence political participation, and what could be done to prevent the further infantilisation of citizens in Russia. Finally, I will explore traditional perceptions with regard to children’s participation in Russia and the legal framework and practice of the implementation of the child’s right to social and political participation.
Collection includes an articles of Russion and European ancient scholars relates to the history of ancient Sparta.
In September 2009 Russia’s Dmitrii Medvedev unveiled the term that was to become the defining objective of his presidency: “modernization”. Leaving office in the spring of 2012 it was apparent that no serious changes of this kind had taken place, and popular resistance was mounting. Why so? And why has resistance to reform been so significant in postcommunist Russia, not just in this but in other cases as well? The various contributors to this book, drawn from a group of intellectuals who have shaped the discussion in Russia itself as well as leading scholars from other countries, focus on the contested nature of the concept of modernization and the obstacles that arose in attempting to carry it into practical effect – obstacles that leave a challenging agenda for a new Russian presidency in the years to come.