Continuity of University History: a Case-Study of Portuguese Studium Generale (1288-1377)
The paper reviews the problem of caesuras and continuity of Portuguese University’s history. A study of the University papers showed gaps in its institutional history caused by several relocations from Coimbra to Lisbon. Sometimes such caesuras raise doubts in the continuity of the University’s history and suggest the existence of different studia generalia that alternated with each other for the period under study. However, contemporary historians and members of the university community view the different universities as parts of one and the same university. Our case-study demonstrates that this view is based on the documents concerning economic privileges granted to the University by the country’s rulers and the Roman popes. If recognized as a new university, the studium generale would have lost its former privileges. Thus, the logic of collective memory of Portuguese University was based on the image of its historical continuity.