The Measure of a Nation: Lithuanian Identity in the New Century
Using original and secondary survey data, the authors study the interaction of ethnic and civic factors that Lithuanians consider salient to their national identity. Factor analysis of the original survey data indicates that there are at least three coherent versions of Lithuanian national identity adhered to by individuals; two of these are ethnic in nature, while the third is civic. These findings challenge the broader scholarly discussion regarding so-called Eastern and Western nationalism. The analysis also indicates that the version of national identity demonstrated by an individual respondent is related to how that individual views Lithuanian national institutions, history, and character.