Институциональные предпосылки образовательных политик
The problem of identification and adequate exploitation of institutional prerequisites when working out educational strategies is the subject. The report suggests testing new idea where the representation of such concepts as institutional prerequisites, institutional stoppers, as well as the typology of institutional prerequisites aimed at crafting and implementing strategy for education system development are being introduced. The authors’ expert judgments based on the conclusions of the analysis eighteen local educational systems of St. Petersburg development programs 2011–2016 are the reason for the chosen topic relevance.
The article is devoted to the theoretical features of innovations in the field of public administration. The subject of the research is the concept of innovation in public administration. The goal is to substantiate the relationship between successful innovation, institutional transformations and their ideological support. The main tasks are a description of the differences in the traditional understanding of the content of innovation and its content in the field of public administration, a description of the factors contributing to or hindering successful innovation in the field in question, an analysis of the relationship between the innovation activity of employees in the public service and institutional transformations. The conclusion is drawn on the importance of the trinity of technological, institutional and ideological innovations in the context of the goals and objectives of national economic development.
The article analyzes the opportunities for Russian interpretation of the concept of social liberalism
Many mid-income countries face a significant and challenging problem of low educational achievement. This research looks at a Full-Time Primary Schools Programme implemented in Mexico, to work out if extending the time pupils spend at school can enhance skills in language and mathematics. The results of matching plus difference-in-differences point to a positive impact on schools value-added. The effects are concentrated among poorer schools, with gains after policy adoption of 0.11 standard deviations (SD) in both subjects. However, quantile regressions show that the lowest-performance schools are not benefiting from longer school days, posing questions on programme effectiveness to improve the achievement of those who are more in need. Analysis of causal channels suggests that gains reported by the programme do not come from changes in the composition of teachers and pupils in treated schools, and that richer schools are more prone to devote the extra-time of instruction to non-core subjects, notably sports and arts.
A teacher’s capacity to act and to shape critical responses to educational reforms and practices is a quality developed through knowledge and experience. Teacher Agency and Policy Response in English Language Teaching examines the agency of the teacher in negotiating educational reforms and policy changes at the local and national levels. In this volume, contributors share their personal narratives, research and scholarly work that highlight how English teachers can transform their own processes and practices to ensure the best educational experiences for their students in the context of policy implementation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.