Информационная основа деятельности органов власти на муниципальном уровне
The analysis of local self-government practices conducted on the basis of the Laboratory for Local Administration field researches and scientific literature study reveals the information deficit of local authorities. The Federal State Statistics Service provides full information for federal and regional authorities, while substantial part of statistics is too aggregated or superficial to be used by municipalities. In accordance with these facts the following subject of the investigation was formulated – used by local authorities mechanisms of collecting information about socio–economic conditions in the municipal unit.
The purpose of the article is to identify all the sources of information that are used by local self-government bodies to tackle the problem of information deficit and to fill the gaps in state statistics. In order to achieve the goal both theoretical and empirical materials were used. One of the sources is interdepartmental communication with the local offices of government authorities such as police, migration service, pension fund, tax service and others. Another tool is to collect data themselves, but such statistics is difficult to gather, because local authorities are not empowered to do this, so natural and legal persons have not to provide data to them. Furthermore, the internal municipal statistics would be illegitimate and practically not applicable for usage. So, to solve the problem of information deficit, at least the following measures should be implemented: 1) to obligate government authorities to provide information to the local self-government, 2) to improve the horizontal information exchange between local authorities and territorial offices of government authorities in the municipality; 3) to legalize internal statistics of local self-government bodies (now state authorities accept only collected by State Statistics Service figures, which are often incorrect).
Public and Municipal Services Register (PMSR) is a Master Data Management System which implements specific business rules for more than 15000 Russian public and municipal services. Through PMSR public services description and implementation is provided by all federal and regional authorities. PMSR serves as a back office system for federal one stop shop e-services portal www.gosuslugi.ru. Through e-services portal citizens can get direct access to completely described business logic of all public and municipal services provided in Russia. PMSR serves both as a basis for future e-government services maturity growth and as a tangible result of Administrative Reform in Russia (2004-2010).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.