Инверсия этико-риторической аргументации и рождение ragione di stato
The article describes the genesis of the Raggione di Stato concept – one of the central notions of political thought in the early modern period and contemporary history. It considers cri-tique of the classical aesthetic model in L. Valla’s works, trans-formation of the classical ethico-rhetorical model in works of N. Machiavelli and introduction by G. Botero of the term Raggione di Stato into political literature.
The article discusses the status of philological, historical and philosophical argument in the theoretical justification of the ancient mythology, undertaken by Georg Friedrich Creuzer in Germany at the turn of the XIX century. The discussion arround the romantic mythology project is analyzed. A paradoxical synthesis of the political argument, theory's positive-scientific standards of verification and allegorical symbols hermeneutics of romantic symbolism and mythology project supporters and critics become the subject of special attention. There is stated a hypothesis of conditionality of described argumentative strategies by the need to versatile Neoplatonic philosophy rehabilitation as the source of the romantic theory of symbol and myth, as well as to the statement of the transcendental for the history eternal truths symbolic body.
Review of: Ad populum. Parlare alla pancia: retorica del populismo in Europa. Eds. Bruno Capaci and Giuditta Spassini. Bologna: I libri di Emil di Odoya srl., 2016.
This book deals with the problem of method in the early modern civil sciences – from the Hermann Conring “statistics” to the Giambattista Vico's “new science”, from the Tacitean political art to the Thomas Hobbes' mathesis politica. The study is focused upon the birth of the political science out of the failure of the humanist ethics and traditional Aristotelianism, and the attempts to overcome the “discursive anarchy” (V. Kahn) in the political theory. The authors of the book demonstrate the ways the central events in the early modern intellectual history – the birth of the scientific fact and the principle of objectivity, the penetration of the mathematical apparatus in the humanities – influenced the Barock political thought, and analyze the pivotal categories of the modern politics – state of exception, reason of State, manipulation – are put forward.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.