Industry location and welfare when transport costs are endogenous
Principles of constructing balanced system of logistic efficiency are viewed. (BSC) Basic advantages, which allow to implement management on the base of logistic BSC are shown. Methodology of calculating logistic KPI in trade company on the example of warehousing business-process, in particular consignment, completion and dispatch at distributing center of retail network is adduced.
It is shown, that key indices of activity of other subdivisions of logistic department: operational department, transport-forwarding department, control-auditorial group should also be included into logistic BSC in trade company. Designed system of indices is connected with system of motivating personnel, whilst individual rewarding for positive results is tied to completion of established standards of KPI. Examples of calculating influence of logistics on return on capital basing on model of strategic profit.
The article addresses the G20 compliance with its long-standing commitment to refrain from protectionist measures. The paper attempts to measure and compare the results of individual G20 members in different timeframes between the summits. The analysis is based on the data from the WTO reports on G20 trade and trade-related measures. The author believes that the effectiveness of G20 in this field of cooperation remains low, which is substantiated by a large number of protectionist measures adopted by the G20 members in the period between Washington summit in 2008 and Cannes summit in 2011. The publication is prepared within the framework of a joint project "Enhancing Effectiveness of Russia's Participation in G8, G20 and BRICS in Compliance with the Russian Federation National Priorities in Global Governance and Developing Recommendations for the Russian Presidency of G20 in 2013" implementing by Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) and International Organisations Research Institute (IORI) of the National Research University Higher School of Economics in 2012.
The historical changes in Central and Eastern Europe demanded suitable paths for the transition from centrally planned to market based economies. The lack of relevant experience added to the challenge, giving rise to the incalculable risks of implementing untested policies. By focusing on monetary policy, trade, and convergence, this volume addresses some of the most urgent economic policy issues in the transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.
Business Issues is a new Businss English course which helps students get ahead fast with skills and business vocabulary, it also gives students grammar practice in business contexts.
The purpose of the paper is the systematization of new economic geography research, on the analysis of the agglomeration process in region. Priority of the paper is given to the influence of theoretical research. Scientific novelty of the work is to specify the theoretical and methodological foundations of the agglomeration process due to analyzing the new economic geography attitude. As agglomeration forces facilitating the concentration of economic activity is defined: internal economies of scale, the level of transportation cost, the migration of the mobile labor in response to the wage gap, the elasticity of labor supply, forward and backward linkages of different content and other factors. As important condition is considered the trade costs level between regions. This study suggests that the formation of theoretical models system explaining the agglomeration process is under intense development.