Проектирование инновационных измерительных средств контроля в компетентностном формате
The analysis of the requirements for automatic systems for the physical protection of premises and staff of small businesses is carried out. The architecture and structure of the software and hardware of the complex for the construction of low-budget control and restrict access to protected areas are considered. Practical recommendations on the selection of configuration options of set of tools of the complex that will minimize the cost of deployment, operation and upgrades are provided.
The analysis of the main factors affecting the accuracy of registration of moving an object with an optical sensor with the help of external modulation of the radiation flux is made. The block diagram, operation and measurement data processing algorithm of the contactless infrared sensor registering the passage of time of the the reflective mark is shown. Variants of using the developed sensor in control systems of synchronous drive of technology equipment are discussed.
The analysis of typical ways to build tools of control of the security perimeter and intrusion into the protected area. The method of compensation of the effect of ambient light, the block diagram and measuring information processing algorithm of active infrared sensor of reflecting type, allowing to use it to register movement, is reviewed. The results of experimental studies of the device to control the intrusion into the protected area on the basis of active infrared sensor of reflecting type are considered.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.