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Article

Система научной аттестации в медицине (Россия, первая половина XIX века)

З.С. Гатина, Е.А. Вишленкова

In the XIX century Russia had a more complicated system of scientific promotion than today is. There were three different types of academic titles’ hierarchies from the beginning of the universities’ founding: for graduates of ecclesiastic schools, medicine faculties and other university departments. Two of them were the objects of study in the modern historiography, but the hierarchy of medical titles – not yet. This article focuses on the findings of investigation into the rules of the examination for the academic degrees and the analysis the university paperwork connected with this procedure. Contextualization the academic degrees into the history of medical education allowed to draw conclusions about the specificity of the medical profession’s formation in the Russian empire.