Оценка инновационных проектов на основе метода реальных опционов
The article discusses questions of related to the valuation of the innovation projects. For this in addition to the use of standard methods (methods based on discounted cash flow), the use of a real option. The object of analysis selected a specific innovation project submitted to the contest Russian innovation. On the basis of the data (the original data of the project have been changed), was estimated additional cost of the project with the "flexibility" of leadership.
The paper deals with the influence of the growth opportunities on the company‟ investment policy. The analysis is based on the real options concept. It is shown that in the presence of valuable growth opportunities traditional methods of investment analysis can lead to the bias in the estimate of the investment project efficiency if the risks of the project are assumed to be equal to the risks of company's assets-in-place.
The article describes the methods of economic evaluation of innovative projects. The special attention is given to the positive and negative sides of the static evaluation methods and techniques with the flexibility that is built into the project. Keywords: discounted cash flow, real options and innovations.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.