Оценка инновационных проектов на основе метода реальных опционов
The article discusses questions of related to the valuation of the innovation projects. For this in addition to the use of standard methods (methods based on discounted cash flow), the use of a real option. The object of analysis selected a specific innovation project submitted to the contest Russian innovation. On the basis of the data (the original data of the project have been changed), was estimated additional cost of the project with the "flexibility" of leadership.
The paper deals with the influence of the growth opportunities on the company‟ investment policy. The analysis is based on the real options concept. It is shown that in the presence of valuable growth opportunities traditional methods of investment analysis can lead to the bias in the estimate of the investment project efficiency if the risks of the project are assumed to be equal to the risks of company's assets-in-place.
The article describes the methods of economic evaluation of innovative projects. The special attention is given to the positive and negative sides of the static evaluation methods and techniques with the flexibility that is built into the project. Keywords: discounted cash flow, real options and innovations.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.