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Article

Sinnverlust und Entfremdung

Psychologie des Alltagshandelns. 2013. Vol. 6. No. 2. P. 29-40.

The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the relation between the concepts of loss of meaning (V. Frankl) and alienation (K. Marx, E. Fromm) that are related to similar phenomena. A theory of alienation as an existential neurosis (S. Maddi) is reviewed and seen as a link between these two traditions. Based on the multidimensional view of the ontology of meaning as a psychological and a sociocultural unit, the authors present a view of experiences of meaningfulness and meaning loss as emergent phenomena of the overall system of relationships with the world that are actively pursued by an individual (this view is based on theories of A.N. Leontiev, S. Maddi, J. Nakamura, M. Csikszentmihalyi). In this view, alienation is seen as a category that describes ontological basis of meaninglessness, which is a subjective phenomenon.