Assessment of the state of the socio-economic sphere of the Arctic territories of the world's countries
The article gives an assessment of the Arctic as a special territory, and the main natural and geographical features are described. Special attention is paid to national and regional differences in population density and GDP, wages and unemployment in the Arctic countries. The authors assess the socio-economic sphere of eight countries: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, USA. The authors compared the dynamics of macroeconomic indicators of the Arctic regions and the country in which they are located. An analysis was carried out that identified countries and regions with consistently high social and demographic potential, as well as countries with similar climatic and socio-economic characteristics that effectively complement each other (Norway, Sweden and Finland). Among the Arctic countries, Norway is characterized by oil and gas complexes and fish resources, Finland is characterized by innovative technologies for processing bioresources and mining, Sweden by mining of ore minerals, and the woodworking industry. The article suggests further study of Arctic countries with consistently high socio-economic indicators in order to apply their experience to the development of the Arctic territory of Russia. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to activate technological partnership with the use of innovative digital technologies. The authors emphasize the development of international cooperation as the most progressive mechanism for the development of the world. World Practice is a good basis for developing a unified Concept of the North, because different Arctic countries have identical socio-economic and scientific problems.