Continuous Gesture Recognition from sEMG Sensor Data with Recurrent Neural Networks and Adversarial Domain Adaptation
Movement control of artificial limbs has made big advances in recent years. New sensor and control technology enhanced the functionality and usefulness of artificial limbs to the point that complex movements, such as grasping, can be performed to a limited extent. To date, the most successful results were achieved by applying recurrent neural networks (RNNs), However, in the domain of artificial hands, experiments so far were limited to non-mobile wrists, which significantly reduces the functionality of such prostheses. In this paper, for the first time, we present empirical results on gesture recognition with both mobile and non-mobile wrists. Furthermore, we demonstrate that recurrent neural networks with simple recurrent units (SRU) outperform regular RNNs in both cases in terms of gesture recognition accuracy, on data acquired by an arm band sensing electromagnetic signals from arm muscles (via surface electromyography or sEMG). Finally, we show that adding domain adaptation techniques to continuous gesture recognition with RNN improves the transfer ability between subjects, where a limb controller trained on data from one person is used for another person.