Multidimensional assessment of R&D performance: Evidence from the pilot evaluation exercise of Russian public research institutions
Improving human potential in R&D and increasing its performance are key to the development of human capital globally. The topic of R&D personnel has been on Russia’s S&T policy agenda for roughly 20 years. There are numerous reasons for the persistence and even aggravation of existing problems. In the 1990s, after the fall of the Soviet Union, the R&D sector went through a serious economic crisis. Amid negative changes in the internal and external environment there was a sharp drop in the provision of resources for research, reducing the productivity of research and experimental activity and its contribution to the development of the economy and society as a whole (Gokhberg et al. 2011; Kuznetsova 2013). Global positions in this area have also deteriorated. The level of publication activity in the country shifted from 3rd place during the Soviet era to 6th place at the start of the 1990s, and to 15th place in 2013. In the period 2000–2013 the proportion of publications by Russian authors in scientific journals indexed by Web of Science decreased from 3.22–1.92 % (Brazil—2.48 %, Japan—5.27 %, USA—24.85 %). However, in terms of patent activity (in 2013 28,765 patent applications filed in Russia by residents, 44,914—by residents and
В статье представлены результаты анализа серии интервью c экспертами Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований, осуществленного с помощью методики когнитивного картирования. Данная методика характеризуются как качественная и позволяет составить графическое отображение смысловой структуры речи респондентов. В интервью затрагивались вопросы критериев и подходов, используемых экспертами при оценке заявок на осуществление научно-исследовательских проектов, а также проблема ценностных основ организации науки в России. На основе применения методики к текстам интервью 15-и экспертов, авторы делают вывод о существовании в исследуемой группе совпадающих представлений о критериях оценки заявок, о разделении фундаментальной науки и разработок, а также о путях улучшения ситуации в российской науке.
This is the second volume in a series of five books bringing together the results of intensive research on the national systems of innovation (NSI) in the BRICS countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. This book analyses the co-evolution of inequality and NSI across the BRICS economies. Inequality and Development Challenges argues that inequalities (assets, access to basic services, infrastructure, knowledge, race, gender, ethnicity, and geographic location) that go beyond the aspects of income, must be factored into development strategies since the benefits of innovation are not distributed equally. It combines original and detailed data, making this book an invaluable resource for researchers and scholars in economics, development studies and political science, as well as policymakers and development practitioners interested in the BRICS countries.
This paper discusses the possibilities and limitations of the use of publication databases such as Web of Science and Scopus to determine the research capabilities and prospective areas of research and development of universities. It also analyses major problems related with the analysis of universities’ publication activities in Scopus and Web of Science databases such as author surname variations, identification of author profile among authors with the same surname, author and organization profile merging, identification of author affiliation etc. This paper proposes a list of bibliometric indicators for the analysis of publication activities of individual researchers, university departments and universities as a whole. Furthermore, it describes the methodological approaches for interpreting these indicators. Finally, the paper reviews the possibilities of VOSviewer software for analysis of different aspect of publication activities at individual and department level such as international collaboration networks, detection of the hot topics of research activity and co-citation networks.
We reviewed the output of research and innovation cooperation between Russia and the US, including publications and patents, in the four prospective areas of energy efficiency and renewable energy during 2007-2011. Joint US-Russia research groups appear to focus primarily on hydrogen energy (fuel cells), followed by solar photovoltaics. The upcoming areas of smart grid and biofuels were left out entirely both from research and innovation collaboration. Russian patents in green energy technologies registered in the US are very low in comparison to those from Japan, Korea, and China.
This illuminating book combines theory and practice to analyze the experiences and impacts of foresight activities in various European countries. It includes case studies with a focus on different societal issues including national development, science and technology, and sustainable development.