This book constitutes the proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts, AIST 2018, held in Moscow, Russia, in July 2018.
The 29 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 107 submissions (of which 26 papers were rejected without being reviewed). The papers are organized in topical sections on natural language processing; analysis of images and video; general topics of data analysis; analysis of dynamic behavior through event data; optimization problems on graphs and network structures; and innovative systems.
This book examines the waves of protest that broke out in the 2010s as the collective actions of self-organized publics. Drawing on theories of publics/counter-publics and developing an analytical framework that allows the comparison of different country cases, this volume explores the transformation from spontaneous demonstrations, driven by civic outrage against injustice to more institutionalized forms of protest. Presenting comparative research and case studies on e.g. the Portuguese Generation in Trouble, the Arab Spring in Northern Africa, or Occupy Wall Street in the USA, the authors explore how protest publics emerge and evolve in very different ways – from creating many small citizen groups focused on particular projects to more articulated political agendas for both state and society. These protest publics have provoked and legitimized concrete socio-political changes, altering the balance of power in specific political spaces, and in some cases generating profound moments of instability that can lead both to revolutions and to peaceful transformations of political institutions.
The authors argue that this recent wave of protests is driven by a new type of social actor: self-organized publics. In some cases these protest publics can lead to democratic reform and redistributive policies, while in others they can produce destabilization, ethnic and nationalist populism, and authoritarianism. This book will help readers to better understand how seemingly spontaneous public events and protests evolve into meaningful, well-structured collective action and come to shape political processes in diverse regions of the globe.
Книга содержит 19 национальных докладов и сравнительно-правовой анализ правовых норм, касающихся процедуры редактирования генома на зародышевой линии человека. Выясняется, какие общие ценности связаны между собой различными правовыми системами и какие различия существуют. На этой основе исследуется, возможно ли международное регулирование этой темы и как оно может быть разработано. Кроме того, будет рассмотрен вопрос о том, в какой степени нормативные акты других стран могут служить образцом для немецкого законодательства.
Das Buch enthält 19 Landesberichte und eine rechtsvergleichende Analyse der rechtlichen Regelungen zum Verfahren der Genom-Editierung an der menschlichen Keimbahn. Es wird herausgearbeitet, welche gemeinsamen Werte die verschiedenen Rechtsordnungen verbinden und welche Unterschiede bestehen. Auf dieser Grundlage wird untersucht, ob eine internationale Regulierung der Thematik möglich ist und wie diese ausgestaltet sein könnte. Zudem soll untersucht werden, in wie weit die Regelungen anderer Länder als Modell für die deutsche Gesetzgebung dienen können.
This book introduces readers to essential technology assessment and forecasting tools, demonstrating their use on the basis of multiple cases. As organizations in the high-tech industry need to be able to assess emerging technologies, the book presents cases in which formal decision-making models are developed, providing a framework for decision-making in the context of technology acquisition and development. Applications of different technology forecasting tools are also discussed for a range of technologies and sectors, providing a guide to keep R&D organizations abreast of technological trends that affect their business. As such, the book offers a valuable the theoretical and practical reference guide for R&D managers responsible for emerging and future technologies.
Summarizes the latest applications of robust optimization in data mining.
An essential accompaniment for theoreticians and data miners Data uncertainty is a concept closely related with most real life applications that involve data collection and interpretation. Examples can be found in data acquired with biomedical instruments or other experimental techniques. Integration of robust optimization in the existing data mining techniques aims to create new algorithms resilient to error and noise.
This volume contains papers presented at the 13th International Conference on Rough Sets, Fuzzy Sets and Granular Computing (RSFDGrC) held during June 25–27, 2011, at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (NRU HSE) in Moscow, Russia. RSFDGrC is a series of scientific events spanning the last 15 years. It investigates the meeting points among the four major disciplines outlined in its title, with respect to both foundations and applications. In 2011, RSFDGrC was co-organized with the 4th International Conference on Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence (PReMI), providing a great opportunity for multi-faceted interaction between scientists and practitioners. There were 83 paper submissions from over 20 countries. Each submission was reviewed by at least three Chairs or PC members.We accepted 34 regular papers (41%). In order to stimulate the exchange of research ideas, we also accepted 15 short papers. All 49 papers are distributed among 10 thematic sections of this volume. The conference program featured five invited talks given by Jiawei Han, Vladik Kreinovich, Guoyin Wang, Radim Belohlavek, and C.A. Murthy, as well as two tutorials given by Marcin Szczuka and Richard Jensen. Their corresponding papers and abstracts are gathered in the first two sections of this volume.
На фоне весьма активного в последние десятилетия обсуждения темы развития науки, технологий и инноваций, до сих пор отсутствует согласованное понимание того, что представляют собой эти области политики, как они вписываются в повседневную практику принятия решений.
В книге “Science, Technology and Innovation Policy for the Future. Potentials and Limits of Foresight Studies” впервые представлен доказательный подход к формированию научно-технической и инновационной политики, в основе которого лежит методология Форсайта — признанная действенным инструментом разработки стратегических программ развития и уже повсеместно применяемая органами госуправления и крупными компаниями.
В издании обобщен опыт правительств, ведущих российских и международных научно-исследовательских и аналитических центров, в частности, Организации экономического сотрудничества и развития (ОЭСР), Организации Объединенных Наций по промышленному развитию (ЮНИДО), Объединенного исследовательского центра Еврокомиссии. Помимо теоретической части, книга содержит блоки практических рекомендаций по эффективному использованию потенциала Форсайта. Они сформулированы экспертами мирового уровня и адресованы лицам, принимающим решения в сфере государственного и корпоративного управления, аналитикам, исследователям.
Substantially formal treatment of issues for designers of natural language processing system. Presents an in-depth treatment of NL semantics and a mathematical model of a linguistics database. Extensive use of examples and illustrations to clarify complex material and demonstrate practical applications. End-of-chapter exercises, historical and bibliographical notes, and glossaries enrich the text This book examines key issues in designing semantics-oriented natural language (NL) processing systems. One of the key features is an original strategy for transforming the existing World Wide Web into a new generation Semantic Web (SW-2) and the basic formal tools for its realization, which are proposed. The principal distinguishing feature of the proposed SW-2 is the well-developed ability of NL processing. A broad conceptual framework for describing structured meanings of NL-texts (sentences and arbitrarily complex discourses) is obtained by introducing a mathematical model describing 10 interrelated partial operations on conceptual structures. A new class of formal languages called standard knowledge languages (SK-languages) is defined. Readers will gain knowledge of these languages and learn a way of building semantic representations using them. Additionally, a broadly applicable mathematical model of a linguistic database is constructed. A useful for practice and strongly structured multi-lingual algorithm of semantic-syntactic analysis of NL-texts is described by means of original formal concepts; the input texts can be sentences in English, Russian, and German.With extensive use of examples and illustrations to clarify complex material and demonstrate practical applications, many historical and bibliographical notes, end-of-chapter exercises, and glossaries, this book can serve as a graduate-level textbook, as well as a good reference for researchers and practitioners who deal with the various problems involving semantics of natural language texts, ontologies, Semantic Web, semantic data integration in e-science, and content languages in multi-agent systems, in particular, in e-commerce and e-health.Written for:Graduate students, researchers and practitioners.
This book, which is based on several courses of lectures given by the author at the Independent University of Moscow, is devoted to Sobolev-type spaces and boundary value problems for linear elliptic partial differential equations. Its main focus is on problems in non-smooth (Lipschitz) domains for strongly elliptic systems.
The author, who is a prominent expert in the theory of linear partial differential equations, spectral theory and pseudodifferential operators, has included his own very recent findings in the present book.
The book is well suited as a modern graduate textbook, utilizing a thorough and clear format that strikes a good balance between the choice of material and the style of exposition. It can be used both as an introduction to recent advances in elliptic equations and boundary value problems and as a valuable survey and reference work. It also includes a good deal of new and extremely useful material not available in standard textbooks to date.
Graduate and post-graduate students, as well as specialists working in the fields of partial differential equations, functional analysis, operator theory and mathematical physics will find this book particularly valuable.
This book presents recent research developments in social networks, economics, management, marketing and optimization applied to sports. The volume will be of interest to students, researchers, managers from sports, policy makers and as well athletes. In particular the book contains research papers and reviews addressing the following issues: social network tools for player selection, movement and pricing in team sports, methods for ranking teams and evaluating players' performance, economics and marketing issues related to sports clubs, techniques for predicting outcomes of sports competitions, optimal strategies in sports, scheduling and managing sports tournaments, optimal referee assignment techniques and the economics and marketing of sports entertainment.
Schubert varieties lie at the cross roads of algebraic geometry, combinatorics, commutative algebra, and representation theory. They are an important class of subvarieties of flag varieties, interesting in their own right, and providing an inductive tool for studying flag varieties. The literature on them is vast, for they are ubiquitous - they have been intensively studied over the last fifty years, from many different points of view. This book is mainly a detailed account of a particularly interesting instance of their occurrence: namely, in relation to classical invariant theory. More precisely, it is about the connection between the first and second fundamental theorems of classical invariant theory and standard monomial theory for Schubert varieties in certain special flag varieties. Historically, this connection was the prime motivation for the development of standard monomial theory. Determinantal varieties and basic concepts of geometric invariant theory arise naturally in establishing the connection.