This book constitutes the proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Application and Theory of Petri Nets and Concurrency, PETRI NETS 2017, held in Zaragoza, Spain, in June 2017. Petri Nets 2017 is co-located with the Application of Concurrency to System Design Conference, ACSD 2017.
The 16 papers, 9 theory papers, 4 application papers, and 3 tool papers, with 1 short abstract and 3 extended abstracts of invited talks presented together in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. The focus of the conference is on following topics: Simulation of Colored Petri Nets, Petri Net Tools.- Model Checking, Liveness and Opacity, Stochastic Petri Nets, Specific Net Classes, and Petri Nets for Pathways.
One hundred years after the deportations and mass murder of Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians, and other peoples in the final years of the Ottoman Empire, the history of the Armenian genocide is a victim of historical distortion, state-sponsored falsification, and deep divisions between Armenians and Turks. Working together for the first time, Turkish, Armenian, and other scholars present here a compelling reconstruction of what happened and why. This volume gathers the most up-to-date scholarship on Armenian genocide, looking at how the event has been written about in Western and Turkish historiographies; what was happening on the eve of the catastrophe; portraits of the perpetrators; detailed accounts of the massacres; how the event has been perceived in both local and international contexts, including World War I; and reflections on the broader implications of what happened then. The result is a comprehensive work that moves beyond nationalist master narratives and offers a more complete understanding of this tragic event.
In the context of global efforts to move towards universal coverage in health systems, this report reviews health financing reforms in the Republic of Moldova and looks in particular at how the population´s access to health services has been affected. In 2004, as has been widely documented elsewhere, wholesale reforms were made to the way in which government funds were used to fund health services, shifting the system overnight from a highly fragmented and inflexible one, to one in which funds for the health sector were pooled nationally, allowing improved risk-sharing as a result of greater flexibility to allocate funds in line with health needs. A new source of funding in the form of a payroll tax for health was also introduced directly leading to a growth in total levels of government health spending. A second phase of reforms starting in 2009 addressed the issue of gaps in population coverage under mandatory health insurance, with legislative measures taken to ensure that all citizens of Moldova had access to primary health care, and to ensure that the poor receive subsidized health insurance. Fiscal constraints have limited the full implementation of these reforms however. Moldova has shown that it is prepared to tackle difficult policy issues head on and has articulated clear goals for the sector. In particular, the Roadmap “Accelerating Reforms: addressing the needs of the health area through investment policies” approved on 1 March 2012, lays a clear agenda for the next phase or priority reforms focusing on principally on service delivery reorganization but also on health financing. This is the correct focus given that progress on a number of priority indicators such as equity in access to services and financial protection has been limited in recent years. This report summarizes the main impact of health financing reforms to date and agrees with the Roadmap about the major challenges for the coming decade, in particular the need to address inefficiencies in service delivery, but also to ensure that the close link between guaranteed benefits and available funding is maintained in future policy decisions.
Цель настоящего пособия – формирование и развитие навыков и умений аргументации у студентов-бакалавров, изучающих профессиональный английский язык. Прежде всего внимание сосредоточено на умениях критического мышления и академической письменной речи. Пособие может использоваться в рамках курсов по английскому языку для профессиональных и академических целей, а также для самостоятельной работы студентов.
Том содержит труды 13й конференции AGCT и конференции Geocrypt. Темы конференций - различные аспекты арифметической и алгебраической геометрии, теории чисел, теории кодирования, криптографии. Основные направления, обсуждавшиеся на конференциях, включают в себя теорию кривых над конечными полями, теорию абелевых многообразий над глобальными и конечными полями, теорию дзета и L-функций, асимптотические проблемы в теории чисел и алгебраической геометрии, алгоритмические вопросы теории кривых и абелевых многообразий, теорию кодов, исправляющих ошибки, в особенности, теорию алгебро-геометрических кодов, криптографические вопросы, связанные с кривыми и абелевыми многообразиями.
Among all variety of socio-political transformations in the former Soviet Union the case of Armenia should be allocated especially. The hardest situation caused by the whole complex of the factors which are especially sharply shown after collapse of the USSR made the country vulnerable before external and internal threats and led to formation of the specific political system compelled to balance in the unstable region.
Harmony and Counterpoint in J. F. Herbart’s Psychology and Aesthetics
The realist J. F. Herbart (1776‐1841), an original follower of Kant and chief opponent of German Idealism, was particularly concerned with music in his life as well as in his philosophy. Der musikalische Herbart is the conceptual reconstruction of his theoretical reflection, involving metaphysics, psychology, and aesthetics: it is by his multidisciplinary, relational approach that Herbart contributes his original philosophy of music. In contrast to Kant, he defends the possibility of scientific psychology, which he establishes upon metaphysics, mathematics, and experience. Herbart investigates tone relations applying psychological laws and mechanisms: intervals, chords, melody, consonance, dissonance, and even equal temperament are analysed as psychological products and explained through the notions of the tone line (a kind of musical a priori) and “musical thinking”. At the same time, musical thinking can be seen as a principle of aesthetical legality, since Herbart’s account of tone relations forms the core of his rigorously formalistic aesthetics of music. His concept of music finally proves to be pivotal for later tone psychology. Review: Maier, M. (2008). Die Musikforschung, 2, 164–165
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications, AIMSA 2014, held in Varna, Bulgaria in September 2014. The 14 revised full papers and 9 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The range of topics is almost equally broad, from traditional areas such as computer vision and natural language processing to emerging areas such as mining the behavior of Web-based communities.
This case was prepared by Professor Natalia S. Karpova from the Mendeleyev University in Moscow, Director, Institute for International Business, University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, since 2007, Prof. Derek F. Abell from IMD, Professor Emeritus ESMT, Berlin, as a basis for class discussion rather than to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of an administrative situation.
Copyright © 2010 by IMD - International Institute for Management Development, Lausanne, Switzerland. Not to be used or reproduced without written permission directly from IMD.
В настоящем номере представлены главным образом тексты докладов и статьи участников научной конференции "Философия творчества и познания в восточных культурах и системах мысли", проходившей 22 ноября 2013 г. в Институте философии СПбГУ в рамках Дней философии в Санкт-Петербурге
В пособии рассматривается правило согласования времён, особенности употребления и образования форм глагола при переводе предложений из прямой речи в косвенную. Представлена лексика по темам: "Внешность", "Характер человека", приведены лексические единицы и речевые модели для беседы по темам "У врача", "Здоровый образ жизни".