The Paris Climate Agreement established a new target of combating global warming "well below 2 degrees Celsius". This goal will lead to the transformation and deep decarbonization of world economy aiming at nearly zero carbon emissions soon after 2050. The Northeastern Asian countries (responsible for 40% of global CO2 emissions) have all rechnological, resource and ivnestment potential for decarbonization both domestically and internationally, and can show leadership in this efforts on global scale.
The present monograph considers some macrohistorical trends along with the aspects of globalization. Macrohistory is history on the large scale that tells the story of the entire world or of some major dimensions of historical process. For the present study three aspects of macrohistory have been chosen. These are technological and political aspects, as well as the one of historical personality. Taken together they give a definite picture of unfolding historical process which is described from the beginning of human society formation to the present day and near future. The combination in the monograph title of the two terms – macrohistory and globalization – is in no way artificial. On the contrary, the connection of these terms is organic at least as the real goal of macrohistory is to find meaning in the past so as to create new possibilities of meaning for the future. The analysis of globalization also includes three aspects: political, economic and futurological as today the world may well be regarded as being at the start of a new global reconfiguration. The author presents his ideas of the world prospective political and in some respects social-economic development basing on the analysis of macrohistory and contemporary globalization processes. The monograph also considers some global scenarios of the World System's near future.
Most books and articles still treat leadership and ethics as related though separate phenomena. This edited volume is an exception to that rule, and explicitly treats leadership and ethics as a single domain. Clearly, ethics is an aspect of leadership, and not a distinct approach that exists alongside other approaches to leadership. This holds especially true for the for the military, as it is one of the few organizations that can legitimately use violence. Military leaders have to deal with personnel who have either used or experienced violence. This intertwinement of leadership and violence separates military leadership from leadership in other professions. Even in a time that leadership is increasingly questioned, it is still good leadership that keeps soldiers from crossing the thin line between legitimate force and excessive violence
Предлагаемый вниманию читателя сборник статей, посвященный различным сторонам религиозной жизни Востока, представляет собой плод сотрудничества двух научных организаций: Института восточных культур и античности РГГУ и Семинара по востоковедению и исламоведению в Рурском университете Бохума (Германия). Оба научных центра играют важную роль в изучении истории, языков и культур Востока, рассматривая различные религии (прежде всего, ислам и христианство) с точки зрения их взаимодействия и плодотворного взаимного влияния, принесшего богатые культурные и литературные плоды в ходе истории.
This collective monograph is a study of one of the most important problems in today’s world: state and nation building in multi-ethnic and multi-national societies. It presents a comparative analysis of the experience of state and nation building in Russia and South Africa, two countries, which recently and practically simultaneously went through a period of abrupt social, political and economic transition. In both this transition resulted in an upsurge of ethno-national and racial tensions. Such an analysis is of great interest to all those who study similar problems both at an academic and practical levels.
The development and use of Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has been a contentios subject for the last three decades. while there has been a number of social science analysis of the issues, this is the first book to assess the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the debate at such wide geographic scale. The various posiotions, for and against GMOs, particularly with regards to trangenic crops, articulated by NGOs in the debate are dissected, classified and juxtaposed to corresponding campaigns. these are discussed in the context of paradigms, including nature fundamentalism and the organic movement, post-colonialism, food sovereignty, anti-globalism, sustainability and feminism. This book also analyses how NGOs interprete the debate and the persuasive communication tactics.
Публикация представляет собой итог работы исследовательской группы магистров и аспирантов по проблемам религиозной политики Европарламента и интеграции Европейского Союза. Работа выполнена по заказу Европейского Парламента.
Публикация посвящена глобальной проблеме 21 веке - необходимости деуглеродизации экономики для предотвращения роста температуры на 2 градуса Цельсия и более. Представлены результаты масштабных исследований в 16 крупнейших стран мира о возможностях низкоуглеродного развития, включая Россию, Китай, Индию, США, Японию, Францию, Германию, Индонезию и другие страны.
Публикация представляет результаты исследования, проведенного в 16 крупнейших странах мира, по одной из ключевых проблем 21 столетие - деуглеродизации экономики, снижения выбросов парниковых газов для предотвращения роста температуры на 2 градуса Цельсия и выше.
This small book is a result of the joint Project “Policy Impact of Civil Society in BRICS countries” by Public Policy Department of National Research University Higher School of Economics and “Interlegal” International Foundation, supported by International Organization OXFAM as a part of the EU funded academic research, namely “Empowering CSO Networks in an unequal Multi- polar world”. The successful completion of the project was made possible through collaboration of the “Interlegal” Foundation with BRICS experts and various NGO networks - both in Russian Federation and International ones - analyzing at the ground level the civil society activities in the BRICS countries. The book explores the effectiveness and impact of the civil societies in these fi ve countries - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – in its infl uence on the state policy evaluation and implementation. Capacity of civil society of designing policy agendas in different fi elds of governance is also been assessed.
This book shall be interesting and be of educational value to both researchers and practitioners of civil society, looking to learn from comparative analysis of different practices of citizen self-organization, and to a broader research community, interested in comparison of the BRICS countries and their societies.
Сборник велючает научные статьи, посвященные исследованию инновационной активности и предпринимательства в странах мира и регионах
The Asia-Pacific region is of growing importance for both the United States and Russia, each of which seeks to “pivot” or “rebalance” its global commitments toward Asia. Yet the focus of U.S.-Russia relations remains on Europe and the former Soviet Union, and neither country has paid sufficient attention to the implications of their respective Asian pivots for the bilateral relationship. Since U.S.-Russia relations in Asia and the Pacific remain underdeveloped, the region holds the potential to act as a sort of laboratory for trying out new mechanisms for bilateral and multilateral cooperation.
Both countries are turning to Asia primarily to benefit from Asia’s economic dynamism. At the same time, they recognize that Asia’s growth is imperiled by a range of traditional and nontraditional security threats, from the nuclear-tipped standoff on the Korean Peninsula to territorial disputes in the East China Sea and South China Sea to terrorism, climate change, migration, and other transnational challenges. Among the most important drivers of change in Asia is the continued rise of China, which is in different ways a critical partner for both Washington and Moscow.
Because Asia’s economic and security landscape remains in flux and the legacies of mistrust hanging over U.S.-Russia relations in Europe are less pronounced, Moscow and Washington have an opportunity to build more effective forms of cooperation from the ground up. This will require efforts from both sides. The United States must reconcile cooperation with Russia with its existing commitments, including long-standing alliance relationships and growing security cooperation with several states in the region. Russia’s challenge lies mainly in convincing states and regional institutions that it is an important player in the region—which in turn requires it to more fully integrate Siberia and the Russian Far East into Asia’s regional economy—and more than a regional satellite of China.