Цель книги - рассказать о современных разработках, которые произошли в энергосистемах, принимая во внимание выбросы CO₂. Книга включает в себя описание процессов по моделированию энергосистем с учетом выбросов CO₂, моделирование рыночного механизма CO₂ , регулирование политики моделирования CO₂ , прогнозирование цен на углерод и моделирование улавливания углерода. Для каждого пункта в книге есть хотя бы одна статья, написанная мировым лидирующим специалистом в данной конкретной области.
This second volume of the "Handbook Optimization in Complex Networks" presents the most recent research and developments in the application of optimization techniques to the study of complex communication and social networks. This book present several optimization models and their application to a variety of network settings including: online social networks, wireless communication networks, as well as models that describe virus and social media propagation. This book can serve as a useful resource to any student or researcher interested in the application of optimization techniques to communication and or social networks.
Complex Networks is a newly emerging field with applications in a variety of domains, such as communication networks, engineering networks, social networks, and biological networks. There has been an explosive growth of research on complex real-world networks, a theme that is becoming pervasive in many disciplines ranging from mathematics and computer science to the social and biological sciences. Optimization of complex networks with real-world applications requires a deep understanding of the interplay between the dynamics of the physical network and the information dynamics within the network. The Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Theory and Applications provides the basic theory of these networks with several new mathematical approaches and optimization techniques to design and analyze dynamic complex networks.
Handbook on Russian and German Labour law gathers chapters, written by Russian and German academics, covering all important issues of labour and employement law of two countries.
At the center of Hegel and the Problem of Multiplicity is the question: what could the term "multiplicity" mean for philosophy? Andrew Haas contends that most contemporary philosophical understandings of multiplicity are either Aristotelian or Kantian and that these approaches have solidified into a philosophy guided by categories of identity and different--categories to which multiplicity as such cannot be reduced. The Heleian conception of multiplicity, Haas suggests, is opposed to both categories--or, in fact, supersedes them. To come to terms with this critique, Haas undertakes a rigorous, technical analysis of Hegel's Science of Logic. The result is a reading of the concept of multiplicity as multiple, that is, as multiplicities.
Hegel’s philosophy has witnessed periods of revival and oblivion, at times considered to be an unrivalled and all-embracing system of thought, but often renounced with no less ardour. This book renews the dialogue with Hegel by looking at his legacy as a source of insight and judgement that helps us rethink contemporary economics. This book focuses on a concept of institution which is equally important for Hegel's political philosophy and for economic theory to date.
The key contributions of this Hegelian perspective on economics lead us to the synthesis of traditional approaches and new ideas gained in economic experiments and advanced by neuroeconomists, sociologists and cognitive scientists. The proper account of contemporary 'civil society' involves comprehending it as a historically evolving totality of individual minds, ideas and intersubjective structures that are mutually dependent, tied by recognitive relations, and assert themselves as a whole in the ongoing performative movement of 'objective spitit'. The ethics of recognition is paired with the ethics of associations that supports moral principles and gives them true, concrete universality.
This unusual constellation of seemingly remote fields suggests that Hegel, read in a pragmatist mode, anticipated the new theories and philosophies of extended mind, social cognition and performativity. By providing a new conceptual apparatus and reformulating the theory of institutions in the light of this new synthesis, this book claims to give new meaning both to Hegel as interpreted from today, and to the social sciences. Seen from this perspective, such phenomena as cooperation in games, personal identity or justice in the version of Amartya Sen's 'realization-focused comparisons' are reinscribed into the logic of institutional theory. This 'Hegel' clearly goes beyond the limits of philosophical discussion and becomes a decisive reference for economists, sociologists, political scientists and other scholars who study the foundations and consequences of human sociality and try to explore and design the institutions necessary for a worthy common life.
The case presents strategy of a medium-size Russian company involved in design, manufacturing and distribution of medical devices for haematological and microbiological laboratories. The data presented in the case should enable the students to perform an analysis of the proposed new ventures, to identify main opportunities and risks in the proposed new venture, to understand the additional demands and requirements imposed on stakeholders of the company in a new venture. The case is intended to be one of core cases in specialized courses in Business and Management in Russia Programs for oversea students or in broader courses on Competitive and Corporate strategies and Innovation Management at graduate levels (Master in management programs) or in executive programs (full-time and part-time MBA and Executive MBA). The case is designed to be used by both on-site and distance learning techniques.
The volume presents for the first time four 17th-century paintings commissioned by the Habsburg Ambassador Hans-Ludwig von Kuefstein after his diplomatic mission to Istanbul, accompanied by twelve gouache works from a collection in Austria. In spite of its diplomatic and political success in the Ottoman–Habsburg relations, the Kuefstein’s embassy is remembered first of all for its artistic legacy documented by the ambassador’s diary, the draft of a final report to the Emperor, diplomatic correspondence, a list of gifts presented and received, and last but not least, a series of gouaches, executed in Istanbul, and a series of oil paintings – which serve to illustrate various aspects of 17th-century Ottoman life, and provide a detailed account of the ambassador’s mission. The Orientalist Museum of Qatar curatorial and conservation departments, with the assistance of external scientific experts, have embarked upon a collaborative project to provide new insights into the history of the Ottoman–Habsburg relations. The result is the exhibition and the volume Heritage of Art Diplomacy: Memoirs of an Ambassador – the culmination of two years’ restoration and research work aimed to provide a better understanding of the cultural heritage in respect to its aesthetic and historic significance and its physical integrity.
The human history has evidenced various systems of hierarchy and power in different spheres of social life. The relations of hierarchy and power are relevant for every sphere as they penetrate the whole life of a society and represent a sort of framework for an individual's activity. The cultural sphere (in the wide sense of the word) is not an exception, although, of course, it has great peculiarities in the manifestation of power-hierarchical relations. The relations here are usually informal and more often connected with traditions than with norms, there are much less power structures that have the legal right for coercion. The book consists of two main parts. The papers included in the first section discuss the dynamics and potentials of newly emerging socio-cultural network structures and the ways in which they reconceptualize socio-cultural organization through innovative forms of spatial practice. The second section is dedicated to the study of new models of communication whose influence overcomes states' borders and which have a great potential and capabilities for destroying the basis and cultural values of the society.
Higher Education in Federal Countries: A Comparative Study is a unique study of higher education in nine federal countries—the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Russia, China and India. In this book, leading international scholars discuss the role of federalism and how it shapes higher education in major nation-state actors on the world stage. The editors develop an overarching comparative analysis of the dynamics of central and regional power in higher education, and the national case studies explain how each federal and federal-like higher education system has evolved and how it functions in what are highly varied contexts.
The book makes a major contribution to higher education studies and defines a new field of comparative analysis. It also provides important insights into comparative governance and the study of federalism and federal arrangements, with their particular historical, political, legal and economic dimensions.
Higher Education has become a central institution of society, building individual knowledge, skills, agency, and relational social networks at unprecedented depth and scale. Within a generation there has been an extraordinary global expansion of Higher Education, in every region in all but the poorest countries, outstripping economic growth and deriving primarily from familial aspirations for betterment. By focusing on the systems and countries that have already achieved near universal participation, High Participation Systems of Higher Education explores this remarkable transformation. The world enrolment ratio, now rising by 10 per cent every decade, is approaching 40 per cent, mostly in degree-granting institutions, including three quarters of young people in North America and Europe. Higher Education systems in the one in three countries that enrol more than 50 per cent are here classified as 'high participation systems'. Part I of the book measures, maps, and explains the growth of participation, and the implications for society and Higher Education itself. Drawing on a wide range of literature and data, the chapters theorize the changes in governance, institutional diversity, and stratification in Higher Education systems, and the subsequent effects in educational and social equity. The theoretical propositions regarding high-participation Higher Education developed in these chapters are then tested in the country case studies in Part II, presenting a comprehensive enquiry into the nature of the emerging 'high participation society'.
Настоящее пособие предназначено для широкого круга изучающих французский язык в средних и высших учебных заведениях, на курсах и самостоятельно, имеющих знания по французскому языку, соответствующие уровню европейской классификации А2 - В1.
Цель пособия – развитие навыков изучающего, ознакомительного и просмотрового чтения; активизация устной речи с опорой на чтение.
Тексты исторического характера направлены на расширение кругозора обучающихся французскому языку, дают возможность ответить на многие вопросы, связанные с историей Франции, повышают интерес не только к изучению французского языка, но и к изучению географии, истории, экономики и политики.
Данное пособие может быть использовано при работе в аудитории под руководством преподавателя или как пособие для самостоятельной работы на разных этапах обучения.