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RUSSIAN PUBLIC OPINION OF THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY: Science, Innovation, Information Technology and Education as Drivers of Economic Growth and Quality of Life

Gokhberg L., Shuvalova O. R.
Под общей редакцией: E. Bell, L. Gokhberg.

Russia, with its long scientific tradition, has always been one of the major contributors to the world’s knowledge. The extensive growth in R&D manpower and investment during the decades of the 21st Century had allowed the development of an extremely large R&D base, greater, in absolute terms, than that of many other industrially developed nations. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the transition to a market economy radically affected the national R&D system inherited from the former USSR. The R&D system developed in Soviet times had three special characteristics: it was very large; it was centrally directed, and it was government financed. These features were ill-suited to a market economy, so it was not surprising that the R&D sector underwent a crisis in the years of transition.

RUSSIAN PUBLIC OPINION OF THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY: Science, Innovation, Information Technology and Education as Drivers of Economic Growth and Quality of Life