Encyclopedia of the Barents Region
A comprehensive encyclopedia of the Northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia The Barents region comprises the northernmost parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. It was established in 1993 as a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and it is also the first macroregion to move beyond the Cold War's Iron Curtain. Six million people live in the Barents Region. As is the case with nations, there are different understandings of what constitutes a region. Are regions deeply grounded in history and culture or are they created by actors for instrumental reasons? The Barents Region is the prototype of a region made by concrete actors for political purposes, but the historical account shows that there were transnational contacts even before this novel political construction came into being. The encyclopedia represents the ultimate guide to the region bridging the gap between Russia and the Nordic countries in terms of geography, history, ethnicity, religion, cultural content, political systems and economies. It fullfills the project about the Barents Region which started with The Barents Region. A Transnational History of Subarctic Northern Europe. This first book provides a research-based history of the Barents Region from 800-2010 written by history researcher within the thirteen sub-regions of the Barents Region.
Tourism in the Barents Region can be viewed as a part of “northern tourism”, “peripheral tourism”, “Arctic tourism” or “polar tourism”. As such it has some common features and images, like remoteness, coldness, wilderness, darkness and the northern lights in winter, the midnight sun in summer, and other extreme physical characteristics, as well as indigenous peoples. There are well-developed tourist destinations in northern Norway, Sweden and Finland, while in most of the Russian parts of the region tourism development is still in its early stage, especially regarding international tourism. The region as a name – the Barents Region – is still rather unknown and it is not recognized as a tourist destination. Global climate change probably is the most extensive challenge for tourism in the Barents Region.
В статье излагаются ключевые положения Конституции РФ, федерального и регионального (Баренцово-европейского Арктичекого региона России) законодательства Российской Федерации по вопросам использования, охраны и воспроизводства природных ресурсов. Раскрывается специфика права коренных малочисленных народов на традиционное природопользование. Описаны типовые конфликты в природоресурсной сфере.