2008-2009 crisis revealed inefficiency of bureaucratic “power vertical” and absence of feedback mechanisms in public administration in Russia. Recognition of this fact gave way to search of new means of state-business interaction.
The analysis of migration based on the Russian censuses and micro-censuses for the period from late 1980s to the mid-2010s shows that the Kaliningrad region may become more divorced from the main territory of Russia. Besides the geographic isolation of the region, there emerge also demographic and ethnic differences. The population of the Baltic region of Russia is becoming more ethnically homogeneous, the share of local natives is growing rapidly, migration links with other territories are weakening.
The article prescribes new forms of operations of MNCs in Russia depending in chaging motives of investments.
Today the Russian economy is facing long-term challenges, connected with the global rivalry and exhaustion of sources for growth of raw materials exports. These challenges have led to activation of S&T and innovation policies during the last decade. The shift towards innovation-based growth has been declared in Russia as the key objective of the state policy and the only possible development model. During recent years a number of strategic documents was adopted, which were aiming at public support to S&T, integration between science and universities, creation of organizational, legal and economic incentives for innovation, improvement of the IPR regulation, etc. Further policy agenda for innovation is being intensively discussed.
T he goal of our research was to test an inverted U-shaped relation between negative effect on environment and GDP per capita in developed and developing countries and in case of estimation of significant results to reveal the main factors that decrease the level of pollution.