This article studies the specificities of Russian user innovators on a sample of 1,670 home interviews. The percentage of end users who innovate and their willingness to share ideas is much higher in comparison to western countries and rooted in community activities which spread during Soviet times. We identify two groups of user innovators: urban, male, well educated, and financially better-situated vs a much more diverse group of small town folks who innovate out of necessity. The first group confirms previous findings, the second group is unique to developing markets and to Russia in particular. As these user innovators are reluctant to commercialise their innovations and would rather keep them for themselves or share with their peers on a voluntary basis, a great source of ideas and commercial opportunity remains untouched.
Future-oriented technology analysis methods can play a significant role in enabling early warning signal detection and pro-active policy action which will help to better prepare policy- and decision-makers in today’s complex and inter-dependent environments. This paper analyses the use of different horizon scanning approaches and methods as applied in the Scanning for Emerging Science and Technology Issues project. A comparative analysis is provided as well as a brief evaluation the needs of policy-makers if they are to identify areas in which policy needs to be formulated. This paper suggests that the selection of the best scanning approaches and methods is subject to contextual and content issues. At the same time, there are certain issues which characterise horizon scanning processes, methods and results that should be kept in mind by both practitioners and policy-makers.
О новой роли университетов в России: возможности и ограничения.