Evolutionary economic geography (EEG) has experienced a dynamic boost: an inter-disciplinary mix of geographers, regional scientists and economists are applying new concepts and tools to describe regional economic dynamics. This paper provides an review on the Workshop on “Evolutionary Economic Geography in Central and Eastern Europe” (Budapest, November 11–15, 2013). In short, the Workshop provided an overview of the EEG concepts and quantitative tools mainly through a series of lectures by Ron Boschma (Director, CIRCLE, Lund University and Professor, Utrecht University) and, at the same time, served as a platform for young CEE researchers aiming to contribute to the EEG literature and to understand the complex regional dynamics of economic progress.
At the onset of the mass protests in 2010–2011, many politicians and experts suggested that Arab countries could learn from the experiences of the post-communist transition of the early 1990s. However, the geopolitical, historical, and socio-economic context of the Arab transition was different in many respects from that of the former Soviet bloc countries 20 years earlier. These differences became even more obvious five years later, in early 2016, when most Arab transition attempts ended either in a new wave of authoritarianism, or protracted bloody conflicts. Nonetheless, there are some common lessons to be learnt from the history of both transitions. They concern interrelations between the political and economic transition, the role of institutional checks and balances and the rule of law, the speed of reforms, the dangers of ethnic and sectarian conflicts, and the role of external support.