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Найдено 8 публикаций
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Статья
Shepotylo O., Tarr D. Eastern European Economics. 2013.

After 18 years of negotiations, Russia has joined the World Trade Organization. This paper assesses how the tariff structure of the Russian Federation will change as a result of the phased implementation of its World Trade Organization commitments between 2012 and 2020 and how it has changed as a result of its agreement to participate in a Customs Union with Kazakhstan and Belarus. The analysis uses trade data at the ten digit level, which allows the first accurate assessment of the impact of these policy changes. It finds that World Trade Organization commitments will progressively and significantly lower the applied tariffs of the Russian Federation. After all commitments are implemented, tariffs will fall from 11.5 percent to 7.9 percent on an un-weighted average basis, or from 13.0 percent to 5.8 percent on a weighted average basis. The average "bound" tariff rate of Russia under its World Trade Organization commitments will be 8.6 percent, that is, 0.7 percentage points higher than the applied tariffs. Russia's commitments represent significant tariff liberalization, but compared with other countries that have acceded to the World Trade Organization, the commitments of the Russian Federation are not unusual, especially when compared with the Transition countries.

Добавлено: 21 ноября 2013
Статья
Muravyev A., Talavera O., Bilyk O. et al. Eastern European Economics. 2010. Vol. 48. No. 2. P. 5-24.
Добавлено: 1 октября 2014
Статья
Semenova M., Andrievskaya I. K. Eastern European Economics. 2015. Vol. 53. No. 2. P. 69-98.
Добавлено: 16 июля 2015
Статья
Demidova O., Marelli E., Signorelli M. Eastern European Economics. 2013. Vol. 51. No. 5. P. 94-124.

Целью настоящего исследования является выявление общих и различных детерминант молодежной безработицы в восточных и западных регионах России, особенно выявление пространственных эффектов. Мы тестируем две основные гипотезы. Первая гипотеза состоит в существовании разницы в процессах, происходящих в западных и восточных регионах и асимметричном влиянии восточных и западных регионов друг на друга. Наша вторая гипотеза базируется на разнице в детерминантах молодежной безработицы в западной и восточной частях России. Для тестирования этих гипотез были оценены динамические модели панельных данных методом Ареллано-Бонда. Эти модели включают четыре взвешивающие матрицы (запад-запад, восток-восток, запад-восток, восток-запад) и четыре типа объясняющих переменных: переменные, характеризующие демографическую ситуацию в регионе; переменные, характеризующие миграционные процессы, переменные, характеризующие экономическую ситуацию в регионе; переменные, характеризующие экспортно-импортную активность. Хотя планировалось выявить структурные детерминанты молодежной безработицы и пространственные эффекты для восточных и западных регионов, мы также выявили эффекты финансового кризиса 2008-09 годов. В заключительной секции кратко рассмотрены предложения по экономической политике.

Добавлено: 15 ноября 2013
Статья
Slobodyan S., Jerbashian V., Vourvachaki E. Eastern European Economics. 2015. Vol. 53. No. 3. P. 167-204.

In this article, we define specific (general) human capital in terms of the occupations whose use is spread in a limited (wide) set of industries. We analyze the growth impact of an economy’s composition of specific and general human capital, in a model where education and research and development are costly and complementary activities. The model suggests that a declining share of specific human capital, as observed in the Czech Republic, can be associated with a lower rate of long-term growth. We also discuss optimal educational policies in the presence of market frictions.

Добавлено: 7 октября 2018
Статья
Shepotylo O., Tarr D. Eastern European Economics. 2008. Vol. 46. No. 5. P. 47-56.

The Russian tariff structure contains over 11,000 tariff lines. Of these, a specific tariff may apply for about 1,700. Due to a new data set, this is the first paper to accurately assess tariff rates. We find that the average tariff in Russia has increased between 2001 and 2003, from about 11.5 percent to between 13 percent and 14.5 percent, but held steady in 2004 and 2005. This places Russia's tariffs at a level slightly higher than other middleincome countries and considerably higher than Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. Russia implemented tariff simplification in 2000-2001. Contrary to conventional wisdom on the effect of tariff simplification, the trade-weighted standard deviation of the Russian tariff increased, approximately doubling from 9.5 percent in 2001 to 18 percent in 2003, but it then fell to 15.2 percent by 2005. We show that ignoring the specific tariffs results in an underestimate of average tariff rates by about one to three percentage points and an even larger underestimate of the standard deviation.

Добавлено: 18 ноября 2013
Статья
Kholodilin K., Oshchepkov A. Y., Siliverstovs B. Eastern European Economics. 2012. Vol. 50. No. 3. P. 5-26.

This paper investigates income convergence among Russian regions between 1998 and 2006. It makes two major contributions to the literature on regional convergence in Russia. First, it identifies spatial regimes using the exploratory spatial data analysis. Second, it examines the impact of spatial effects on the convergence process. Our results show that the overall speed of regional convergence in Russia, being slow by international standards, becomes even slower after controlling for spatial effects. However, when accounting for spatial regimes, we find a strong regional convergence among high-income regions located near other high-income regions. Our results indicate that estimating the speed of convergence using aggregate data may result in misleading conclusions regarding the nature of the convergence process among Russia's regions.

Добавлено: 4 февраля 2013
Статья
Kholodilin K., Oshchepkov A. Y., Siliverstovs B. Eastern European Economics. 2012. Vol. 50. No. 3. P. 5-26.
Добавлено: 1 февраля 2019